The Western Behavioural Sciences Institute’s School of Management and Strategic Studies in San Diego, CA, USA, offered in 1981, an on-line course of study. Continue reading
Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin (/ˈjɛltsɪn/; Russian: Бори́с Никола́евич Е́льцин; IPA: [bɐˈrʲis nʲɪkɐˈlaɪvʲɪtɕ ˈjelʲtsɨn] ; (1 February 1931 – 23 April 2007) was a Soviet and Russian politician and the first President of the Russian Federation, serving from 1991 to 1999. Continue reading
Christopher Columbus on his second voyage, on his second voyage, in 1493, imported slaves to the New World (other than indigenous people enslaved by other indigenous people), they were African slaves. They were followed by European slaves imported by Spanish settlers of the colony in Santo Domingo on the island of Hispaniola (now the capital of the Dominican Republic). Then in 1502, a man by the name of Nicolas de Ovando, the first royal governor of the West Indies, received official authorization from the queen of Spain to import African slaves “born in the power of Christians.” Even though Ovando had already instituted a system of peonage for the natives of the island, the Africans were brought in because they were thought to be more productive labourers than the Indians.
Nicolas de Ovando,
Royal Governor of the West Indies
- Africans Came with Columbus to New World – Live Science
Teeth from exhumed skeletons of crew members Christopher Columbus left on the island of Hispaniola more than 500 years ago reveal the presence of at least one African in the New World as a contemporary of the explorer, it was announced.
- Slavery and Spanish Colonization – Digital History
Christopher Columbus believed that Indians would serve as a slave labor force for Europeans, especially on the sugar cane plantations off the western coast of north Africa.
- Slavery and Colonialism Make Up the True Legacy of Columbus …
I expected that ”The Real Columbus Day, at Last” (editorial, Oct. 12) would explore, however briefly, the real meaning of Christopher Columbus’s accidental encounter with America.
- AFRICAN EXPLORERS AND SETTLERS OF THE NEW WORLD
We have been taught that the populating of the Americas began with the migration of Asian peoples across the land bridge from Siberia to Alaska, and this is true.
- African Slave Trade across the Atlantic Ocean – Links to the Past – Tripod
The map above gives the routes and years of African exploration; the year of Christopher Columbus’s voyage discovering the Americas; and the earliest times when African captives were brought to the Americas including the English Colony at Jamestown, Virginia.
- Christopher Columbus – Wikipedia
The name Christopher Columbus is the Anglicisation of the Latin Christophorus Columbus. His name in Italian is Cristoforo Colombo and, in Spanish, it is Cristóbal Colón.
First woman elected as president of Malta happened on February 16, 1982. Continue reading
The war which occurred in 1642 at Kaifeng, China, when anti-Ming rebels under command of Li Tzucheng destroyed the seawall there, killing more than 300,000 people in the ensuing flood. Continue reading
The first Housekeeping magazine was The Englishwoman’s Domestic Magazine. Continue reading
Captain Francis Grose, published in England in 1785, the Dictionary of English slang, which he titled “A Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue”. Continue reading
Japanese physicist Yukawa Hideki was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1949. For his prediction of the existence of mesons that was made in 1935, during his lecturer at Osaka Imperial University in Osaka, Japan. He postulated a particle that mediated the strong interaction between nucleons (the particles of the atomic nucleus).
This particle, the “pi meson” or “pion”, was finally discovered in 1947.
Several other types of mesons of varying mass have been found; the first being observed in cosmic ray interactions in 1937 by American scientists.
- Meson – Wikipedia
In particle physics, mesons (/ˈmiːzɒnz/ or /ˈmɛzɒnz/) are hadronic subatomic particles composed of one quark and one antiquark, bound together by the strong interaction.
- List of mesons – Wikipedia
Mesons are unstable subatomic particles composed of one quark and one antiquark. They are part of the hadron particle family – particles made of quarks.
- What’s the reason behind the existence of mesons? | Physics Forums …
I’ve read that mesons consist of a quark and an antiquark. So, here’s my question. Why don’t the quark and the anti-quark annihilate with each other (like they ususally do)?
- meson | subatomic particle | Britannica.com
Meson, any member of a family of subatomic particles composed of a quark and an antiquark. Mesons are sensitive to the strong force, the fundamental interaction that binds the components of the nucleus by governing the behaviour of their constituent quarks.
- Hadrons, baryons, mesons – HyperPhysics Concepts
Mesons are intermediate mass particles which are made up of a quark-antiquark pair.
Published by and for Brazilians of African descent, was 0 Homem de Cor a Afro-Brazilian newspaper, which ran for five issues in 1833. Continue reading