In 1901 Mosquito-eradication was conducted by the U.S. Army Engineers, in the aftermath of the Spanish-American War. Yellow Fever ran ramped and ravaged the Troops. Once W. Reed confirmed that mosquitos were the corporate of Yellow Fever, W. G. Gorgas assembled a crew and began operations in February 1901. Eradication was due to removing habitats, such as draining swamps and stagnant waters.
Later W. G. Gorgas would be commissioned for the same efforts at Panama Canal, Panama, reducing deaths from 176 per 1000 to only 6 per 1000 workers.
William Crawford Gorgas
- Mosquito control – Wikipedia
Mosquito control manages the population of mosquitoes to reduce their damage to human health, economies, and enjoyment. Mosquito control is a vital public-health practice throughout the world and especially in the tropics because mosquitoes spread many diseases, such as malaria and the Zika virus.
- Would it be wrong to eradicate mosquitoes? – BBC News – BBC.com
Jan 28, 2016 – Mosquitoes cause more than a million deaths a year. Would there be any downside to eradicating them?
- An experiment that failed: malaria control at Mian Mir.
With the discovery of the role of the Anopheles mosquito in the transmission of malaria came the goal of mosquito control as a public health measure. One of the early experiments (1902-1909) in mosquito control was conducted at the military cantonment at Mian Mir, near Lahore in present-day Pakistan.
- History – American Mosquito Control Association
1903-1904: An attempt was made to form a national organization of mosquito control workers under the name “National Mosquito Extermination Society”.