Up to the end of the 1900s it was widely believed that rice originated in India circa 3000 BCE. But in 1996, Syuichi Toyama, an Environmental Archeologist of Kogakukan University in Japan, studied rice’s liniage and found that this was totally untrue. Rice did not originate in India, in fact, Toyama found evidence along the Yangtze River in Central China, of rice being grown and cultivated first. The median age of samples taken was some 11,500 years ago.
1996, 9500 BCE
Yangtze River in Central China
- Earliest Rice – Archaeology Magazine Archive
Rice cultivation began in China ca. 11,500 years ago, some 3,500 years earlier than previously believed, according to Chinese and Japanese archaeologists who studied 125 samples of rice grains, husks, plant remains, and grain impressions in pottery excavated from more than 100 sites along the Yangtze River.
- Paddy field – Wikipedia
Genetic evidence shows that all forms of paddy rice, both indica and japonica, spring from a domestication of the wild rice Oryza rufipogon that first occurred 8,200–13,500 years ago South of the Yangtze River in present-day China.
- History of agriculture – Wikipedia
In China, rice and millet were domesticated by 8000 BC, followed by mung, soy and azuki beans.
- Rice farming dates back to China, 9000 years ago – Times of India
Rice farming originated in China over 9000 years ago, according to new evidence unearthed by archaeologists. This pushes back the period of origin from the present estimate of about 8200 years ago, made in 2011.