The first to be cultivated was the Tulip in 1554. as the story goes, Tulips were imported into Europe. A package of tulip seeds were sent to Vienna by Austrian Diplomate Ghislan de Busbecq, from Court of the Ottoman Turkish Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent. Busbecq was an Ambassador. In 1593 Carolus Clusius brought tulips with him when he emigrated to Holland, where they began to cultivate them at the Botanical Gardens at the University of Leiden. Clusius was an Austrian Botanist and was a director of Imperial Herb Gardens in Vienna.
Tulips at first were bred and used for medicinal prescriptions. The Dutch even stewed the tulip bulbs, like you would with onions.
The beauty of the Tulip gave rise to the Tulip craze, the art of breeding Tulips, perfecting new breeds, specialized combinations of size and colour had become a mass obsession by 1633. The Tulip market by 1637 crashed due to an inflated market based on speculations.
1554, 1593, 1633, 1637
Ghislan de Busbecq
Austrian Diplomate / Ambassador
Austrian Botanist / Director of Imperial Herb Gardens
Holland, at the Botanical Gardens, University of Leiden
- Tulip mania – Wikipedia
Tulip mania or tulipomania (Dutch names include: tulpenmanie, tulpomanie, tulpenwoede, tulpengekte and bollengekte) was a period in the Dutch Golden Age during which contract prices for bulbs of the recently introduced tulip reached extraordinarily high levels and then suddenly collapsed.
- Tulip – Wikipedia
The tulip is a Eurasian and North African genus of perennial, bulbous plants in the lily family. It is a herbaceous herb with showy flowers, of which around 75 wild species are currently accepted.
- Floriculture – Wikipedia
Floriculture, or flower farming, is a discipline of horticulture concerned with the cultivation of flowering and ornamental plants for gardens and for floristry, comprising the floral industry.
- Floristry – Wikipedia
loristry is the production, commerce and trade in flowers. It encompasses flower care and handling, floral design, or flower arranging, merchandising, and display and flower delivery.
- A small history of the Tulip in Holland
The tulips, originally from Persia & Asia Minor, found their way to Constantinopel, where they were first seen (in 1554) by de Busbecq, ambassador of Emperor Ferdinand I at the Court of the Sultan, who sent seeds or bulbs to Europe.