Olive Cultivation in Crete

The Cretes were Cultivating Olives since the mid 4th Century BCE, now present day Greece.

Date:
      3500 BCE
Location:
      Crete, Greece


Additional Information:

  • History of the Olive | The Olive Oil Source
    It is among the oldest known cultivated trees in the world – being grown before the written language was invented. It was being grown on Crete by 3,000 BC and may have been the source of the wealth of the Minoan kingdom. The Phoenicians spread the olive to the Mediterranean shores of Africa and Southern Europe.
  • The Origins of the Olive Tree | Plants Cultivation – Live Science
    The olive was first domesticated in the Eastern Mediterranean between 8,000 and 6,000 years ago, according to new research.
  • Olive – Wikipedia
    The olive, known by the botanical name Olea europaea, meaning “European olive”, is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, found in the Mediterranean Basin from Portugal to the Levant, the Arabian Peninsula, and southern Asia as far east as China, as well as the Canary Islands, Mauritius and Réunion.
  • Olive Oil: History, Production, and Characteristics of the World’s …
    The true origin of the olive is not known but is speculated to be Syria or possibly sub-Saharan Africa. For more than 6000 years, the cultivated olive has developed alongside Mediterranean civilizations and is now commercially produced on more than 23 million acres (9.4 million ha) in the Mediterranean basin.
  • History of Olives | The Olive’s Place in History & at the Table – DeLallo
    The olive has such a long and beloved history in the Mediterranean that, to an Italian, olive trees almost seem holy. From the olive’s place in early mythology to its current culture; its many varieties, colors, flavors and curing methods; and its perfect versatility on the antipasto board, there is so much to say about the “noble fruit”– and this lyrical essay is a great place to begin.

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