Believe it or not, but Organized Police Forces have been around for over 2000 years, circa 6 CE. It was Augustus Caesar of Rome who instituted the first Organized Police Forces.
At the time, Rome was already divided into wards and percents, each with a Fire brigades, so all Caesar did was add the duties of Police Protection to the Fire brigades. For additional support, Ceasar also created three (3) Military Police Units, who could be deployed were needed by the Prefects of the City.
- Vigiles – Wikipedia
The Vigiles or more properly the Vigiles Urbani (“watchmen of the City”) or Cohortes Vigilum (“cohorts of the watchmen”) were the firefighters and police of Ancient Rome.
- Cohortes urbanae – Wikipedia
The cohortes urbanae (Latin meaning urban cohorts) of ancient Rome were created by Augustus to counterbalance the enormous power of the Praetorian Guard in the city of Rome and serve as a police force. They were led by the urban prefect.
- Police – Wikipedia
A police force is a constituted body of persons empowered by the state to enforce the law, protect property, and limit civil disorder.
- Police Work in Roman Times | History Today
Throughout the greatest days of the Roman Empire, the famous Pax Romana was preserved with the help of an efficient police force. In the cities, small forces of gendarmes, often recruited from slaves, acted under the direction of civilian magistrates.
- the police and fire department of ancient rome.
Among the many points of resemblance which one discovers in comparing the leading features of life in ancient Rome and modern London, that concerning the organization of the police is perhaps the most striking.