Durin the 1st Century, in Rome, Topiary Gardens began appearing. According to Pliny the Elder (historian and scientist) a Topiary Garden (known in latin as Romora Tonsilis) is the Art of Shaping Shrubs and/or Hedges. Caius Martius is credited with inventing this art form and started with trimming Cypress Trees.
Pliny the Elder
Historian and Scientist
- Topiary – Wikipedia
Topiary is the horticultural practice of training perennial plants by clipping the foliage and twigs of trees, shrubs and subshrubs to develop and maintain clearly defined shapes, whether geometric or fanciful.
- Art Topiary in Italian Gardens | Italy
Italian garden design has always adopted the use of art topiary to establish strong, evergreen structures. From the origins of the Italian style gardens, designers have shaped evergreen plants into both symmetrical, obtuse and representational forms to highlight entrances, underline geometrical features or to accentuate angles.
- Five of the World’s Most Fascinating Topiary Gardens | Travel …
Whimsical gardens in surprising shapes decorate homes, churches and cemeteries around the world. We’ve rounded up five of the most extraordinary
- Ancient Rome | Landscape Design and Site Planning
In the history of ancient Rome three epochs are separated. The epoch of kings (VIII -VI c. B.C.) is characterized by the forming of the slaveholding system. The epoch of republic (VI- I c. B.C.) – Rome is separated as a city-state.