Sometime in the 1st Century, the Chinese invented a plow with a moldboard that was curved to help them aside soil. This kind of plow could dig deeper furrows and was better suited for hard clayey soil. 1000 years later the first European version appeared.
50 CE, 1100
- History of the Invention of the Plow and Moldboard – Inventors
By definition a plow (also spelled plough) is a farm tool with one or more heavy blades that breaks the soil and cut a furrow (small ditch) for sowing seeds. A moldboard is the wedge formed by the curved part of a steel plow blade that turns the furrow.
- Who invented the iron plow? | Reference.com
The earliest plows where forked sticks and timbers. In the middle east the early plows were called ard. The early plows simply loosened the soil. (19F) A type of ard is still used in some underdeveloped countries today.
- The Plow – History Link 101
If you are going to plant seeds, like wheat seeds for example, and harvest them, then you are going to have to plow. Plowing is the hardest work of farming.
- History of Plows – Plows and Farming – Quatr.us
In China, plows made of iron were in use in in about 300 BC, and moldboards, which turn the soil over in a furrow, were in use in the first centure BC. Moldboards were not used in Europe until the late 10th centure.
- History of the Plow – Patent Pending Blog – Typepad
The farmers of George Washington’s day had no better tools than had the farmers of Julius Caesar’s day; in fact, early Roman plows were superior to those in general use in America eighteen centuries later.