Gaius Octavius (also known as Octavian) Emperor of Rome, the grandnephew of Julius Caesar. In Julius Caesar will, Caesar adopted Octavian and made him his heir. Doing this Julius Caesar gave the younger man (Octavian) sufficient influence with the Roman legions to take control of Rome and eventually the entire Greco-Roman world in the power struggle that followed Caesar’s assassination. Gaius Octavian was given the honorary name Augustus Caesar by the Roman Senate on his accession in 27 BCE, ruling as emperor until 14 CE.
Emperor of Rome
- Augustus – Wikipedia
At birth, he was named Gaius Octavius after his biological father. Historians typically refer to him simply as Octavius (or Octavian) between his birth in 63 until his adoption by Julius Caesar in 44 BC (after Julius Caesar’s death).
- List of Roman emperors – Wikipedia
Roman Emperors were rulers of the Roman Empire, wielding power over its citizens and military. The empire was developed as the Roman Republic invaded and occupied most of Europe and portions of northern Africa and western Asia.
- Roman emperor – Wikipedia
The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC). The emperors used a variety of different titles throughout history. Often when a given Roman is described as becoming “emperor” in English, it reflects his taking of the title Augustus or Caesar.