Potato Cultivation in Peru and Bolivia

Andean farmers began potato cultivation circa 200 BCE, in and around Peru and Bolivia. Potato is from the Taino word “Batata” which means “Sweet Potato”.

Date:
      200 CE
Location:
      Peru and Bolivia


Additional Information:

  • Potato History | The History of Potatoes | Potato Fun Facts
    In 1536 Spanish Conquistadors conquered Peru, discovered the flavors of the potato, and carried them to Europe. Before the end of the sixteenth century, families of Basque sailors began to cultivate potatoes along the Biscay coast of northern Spain.
  • History of the potato – Wikipedia
    The potato was first domesticated in the region of modern-day southern Peru and extreme northwestern Bolivia between 8000 and 5000 BC. It has since spread around the world and become a staple crop in many countries.
  • Potato – Wikipedia
    The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop from the perennial nightshade Solanum tuberosum. The word “potato” may refer either to the plant itself or to the edible tuber.
  • The potato: Origins – International Year of the Potato 2008
    The potato’s story begins about 8,000 years ago near Lake Titicaca, which sits at 3,800 m (12,500 ft) above sea level in the Andes mountain range of South America, on the border between Bolivia and Peru.
  • How the Potato Changed the World | History | Smithsonian
    when potato plants bloom, they send up five-lobed flowers that spangle fields like fat purple stars. By some accounts, Marie Antoinette liked the blossoms so much that she put them in her hair.

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