Jacques Yves Cousteau and Emile Gagnan, French naval engineers and divers, developed the Aqualung, a self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (SCUBA). The first fully automatic compressed-air breathing system, enabling divers for the first time to swim freely underwater without being tethered to an air supply at the surface.
Jacques Yves Cousteau
French Naval Engineers
- Aqua-lung – Wikipedia
Aqua-Lung was the original English name of the first open-circuit, self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (or “SCUBA”) to reach worldwide popularity and commercial success.
- Technology Cousteau Society
The story of the Aqua-Lung goes back to World War II. In June, 1943, on a small beach of the Riviera, Jacques-Yves Cousteau, wearing rubber fins, shouldered the new completely autonomous diving gear.
- About Aqua Lung – Aqua Lung US – Personal Aquatic Equipment for …
Aqua Lung pioneered the creation of modern diving equipment in 1943 when Captain Jacques-Yves Cousteau teamed with Émile Gagnan to develop the first “aqua-lung” that made underwater exploration possible.
- Emile Gagnan and Jacques Cousteau | Lemelson-MIT Program
For centuries, human beings have been fascinated with the concept of being able to “breathe” underwater while exploring the deep blue sea.
- First tests of the Aqua Lung – YouTube