Expedition of Christopher Columbus was organized with the intention of finding a westward route to Asia, and we all know what happened with that, he ended up in Central Americas. Columbus himself, was a cartographer and navigator from Genoa, Italy, who had secured the sponsorship of Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Spain.
His first expedition left Palos, Spain, on August 3rd 1492, carrying 120 men, and headed south-westward to the Canary Islands off the African coast, where one of his three ships came down with issues and underwent repairs. Departing again on September 6th 1492, the fleet crossed the Atlantic Ocean and on October 12th 1492 made landfall in the Archipelago now called the West Indies, probably on the island of Guanahani (now San Salvador).
Searching for evidence that he had reached Cathay (China) or Cipangu (Japan), Columbus landed on October 24 at Cuba and on December 6th 1492 at Ayti (present-day Hispaniola, divided between Haiti and the Dominican Republic), where he built a fort, La Navidad.
With two ships still afloat, (the third had run aground) he headed homeward on January 16th 1493 and were separated in a storm. Columbus, on the Nina, arrived in Lisbon March 13th 1493 and in Palos on March 15th 1493.
August 3rd 1492
Explorer / Captain
- Voyages of Christopher Columbus – Wikipedia
In 1492, a Spanish-based transatlantic maritime expedition led by Christopher Columbus encountered the Americas, a continent which was previously unknown in Europe, leading to the colonization of the Americas.
- The 4 Voyages of Columbus – Carnaval.com
Perhaps the most famous explorer was Christopher Columbus. Born in Genoa, Italy, in 1451 to a weaver, young Columbus first went to sea at the age of fourteen.
- Columbus sets sail – Aug 03, 1492 – HISTORY.com
From the Spanish port of Palos, Italian explorer Christopher Columbus sets sail in command of three ships—the Santa Maria, the Pinta, and the Nina—on a journey to find a western sea route to China, India, and the fabled gold and spice islands of Asia.
- Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) – The Latin Library
Italian Cristoforo Colombo, Spanish Cristóbal Colón, master navigator and admiral whose four transatlantic voyages (1492-93, 1493-96, 1498-1500, and 1502-04) opened the way for European exploration, exploitation, and colonization of the Americas.
- Christopher Columbus: Extracts from Journal – History-world.org
Columbus was the eldest son of Domenico Colombo, a Genoese wool worker and small-time merchant, and Susanna Fontanarossa, his wife.
- Christopher Columbus – Wikipedia
The name Christopher Columbus is the Anglicisation of the Latin Christophorus Columbus. His name in Italian is Cristoforo Colombo and, in Spanish, it is Cristóbal Colón.