First person to be presented Twice with the Nobel Prize in Physics was in 1972 (first time was in 1956)
John Bardeen of Champaign, IL, USA, a physicist, received a Nobel Prize in Physics on December 10th 1956, and shared it with two co-winners, Dr. William Shockley and Dr. William Houser Bralton, (for their work on semiconductors and the discrepancy of the transistor effect). John Bardeen won again in 1972 the Nobel Prize in Physics, and shared this one too with Leon N. Cooper and John Robert Schrieffer (for their explanation of superconductivity leading to more efficient transmission of electrical power).
- John Bardeen: Biographical
He attended the University High School in Madison for several years, and graduated from Madison Central High School in 1923. This was followed by a course in electrical engineering at the University of Wisconsin, where he took extra work in mathematics and physics.
- John Bardeen: Facts
1956 Prize: Amplifying electric signals proved decisive for telephony and radio. First, electron tubes were used for this. To develop smaller and more effective amplifiers, however, it was hoped that semiconductors could be used – materials with properties between those of electrical conductors and insulators.
- John Bardeen: Nobel Lecture (via the Wayback Machine) – PDF
Our present understanding of superconductivity has arisen from a close interplay of theory and experiment. It would have been very difficult to have arrived at the theory by purely deductive reasoning from the basic equations of quantum mechanics.
- John Bardeen: Banquet Speech
Mr. Prime Minister, Ladies, and Gentlemen. Science is a field which grows continuously with ever expanding frontiers. Further, it is truly international in scope. Any particular advance has been preceded by the contributions of those from many lands who have set firm foundations for further developments.
- John Bardeen: Nobel Prize in Physics 1956
The Nobel Prize in Physics 1956 was awarded jointly to William Bradford Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Houser Brattain “for their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect”.
- John Bardeen – Wikipedia
John Bardeen (/bɑːrˈdiːn/; May 23, 1908 – January 30, 1991) was an American physicist and electrical engineer, the only person to have won the Nobel Prize in Physics twice: first in 1956 with William Shockley and Walter Brattain for the invention of the transistor; and again in 1972 with Leon N Cooper and John Robert Schrieffer for a fundamental theory of conventional superconductivity known as the BCS theory.
- John Bardeen – Educator, Physicist, Scientist, Inventor – Biography.com
John Bardeen was co-winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1956 for inventing the transistor and in 1972 for the theory of superconductivity.
- John Bardeen facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles …
condensed-matter physics, superconductors, superconductivity, many-body theory, transistor.
- John Bardeen | American physicist | Britannica.com
John Bardeen, (born May 23, 1908, Madison, Wis., U.S.—died Jan. 30, 1991, Boston, Mass.), American physicist who was cowinner of the Nobel Prize for Physics in both 1956 and 1972.
- John Bardeen Biography – Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline
John Bardeen was an American physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics twice. This biography of John Bardeen provides detailed information about his childhood, life, achievements, works & timeline.
1972, December 10th 1956
May 23, 1908, Madison, Wisconsin, United States
January 30, 1991, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
James M. Bardeen
University of Wisconsin-Madison, Princeton University