The road called Persian Royal Road ran east-west across Anatolia for more than 1,500 miles (2,400 km) between the capital city of Susa, Persia (now the village of Shush, Iran), and Smyrna (now Iz-mir, Turkey), on the Aegean coast, passing through Nineveh and Haran, with a second terminus at Ephesus. The oldest sections can be dated back to the middle of the fourth millennium BCE, but since then lots of work had been done on the road:
- Assyrians extended it further circa 1200 BCE.
- Persian kings Cyrus II and Darius I, reconstructed the royal road, beginning in 550 BCE.
The road would take travelers three months to cross one end to the other. A relay system of couriers that was put in place, was able to deliver messages from one end to the other in nine days. And finally the armies of Alexander the Great used the road as the marched on it during their invasion of Persia during the fourth century BCE.
East-West across Anatolia
- Royal Road – Wikipedia
The Royal Road was an ancient highway reorganized and rebuilt by the Persian king Darius the Great (Darius I) of the first (Achaemenid) Persian Empire in the 5th century BCE.
- Persian Royal Road | ancient road, Asia | Britannica.com
Persian Royal Road, ancient road running from Susa, the ancient capital of Persia, across Anatolia to the Aegean Sea, a distance of more than 1,500 miles (2,400 km).
- Royal Road – Livius
Royal road: according to the Greek researcher Herodotus of Halicarnassus (fifth century BCE) the road that connected the capital of Lydia, Sardes, and the capitals of the Achaemenid Empire, Susa and Persepolis. From cuneiform texts, other such roads are known.
- The Royal Road (Circa 450 BCE – 420 BCE) : HistoryofInformation.com
By the time of Herodotus (circa 484-425 BCE) the Persian Royal RoadOffsite Link ran some 2,857 km from the city of SusaOffsite Link on the lower Tigris to the port of SmyrnaOffsite Link (modern Izmir in Turkey) on the Aegean Sea.
- Royal Road: Highway of Persian Empire | Searching in History
Roads are an important part of a kingdom, nation, and an empire. It allows economies to move, politicians to connect, and people to travel.
- Alexander the Great – Wikipedia
Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Greek: Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μέγας, Aléxandros ho Mégas Koine Greek: [a.lék.san.dros ho mé.gas]), was a king (basileus) of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty.