Isambard Kingdom Brunel FRS (/ˈɪzəmˌbɑːd bruːˈnɛl/; 9 April 1806 – 15 September 1859), was an English mechanical and civil engineer who is considered “one of the most ingenious and prolific figures in engineering history”, “one of the 19th century engineering giants”, and “one of the greatest figures of the Industrial Revolution, [who] changed the face of the English landscape with his groundbreaking designs and ingenious constructions”. Brunel built dockyards, the Great Western Railway, a series of steamships including the first propeller-driven transatlantic steamship, and numerous important bridges and tunnels. His designs revolutionised public transport and modern engineering.
Though Brunel’s projects were not always successful, they often contained innovative solutions to long-standing engineering problems. During his career, Brunel achieved many engineering firsts, including assisting in the building of the first tunnel under a navigable river and development of SS Great Britain, the first propeller-driven, ocean-going, iron ship, which, when built in 1843, was the largest ship ever built.
Brunel set the standard for a well-built railway, using careful surveys to minimise gradients and curves. This necessitated expensive construction techniques, new bridges, new viaducts, and the two-mile-long Box Tunnel. One controversial feature was the wide gauge, a “broad gauge” of 7 ft 1⁄4 in (2,140 mm), instead of what was later to be known as “standard gauge” of 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm).
More info at: Isambard Kingdom Brunel – Wikipedia
Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:
Isambard Kingdom Brunel
9 April 1806
15 September 1859
Westminster, London, England
Mary Elizabeth Horsley
Isambard Brunel Junior
Henry Marc Brunel
Florence Mary Brunel
Institution of Civil Engineers
- Isambard Kingdom Brunel – I.K. Brunel’s SS Great Britain
Voted the second Greatest Briton of all time, after Winston Churchill, Isambard Kingdom Brunel was one of the 19th century engineering giants.
- Isambard Kingdom Brunel – Wikipedia
Brunel’s given name is an amalgamation of his parents’ names. Isambard comes from Marc Isambard Brunel, his French-born father’s middle name, which was also his father’s preferred given name.
- BBC – History – Isambard Kingdom Brunel
Brunel was one of the most versatile and audacious engineers of the 19th century, responsible for the design of tunnels, bridges, railway lines and ships.
- BBC – Primary History – Famous People – Isambard Kingdom Brunel
Isambard Kingdom Brunel was a famous engineer. He built bridges, tunnels, railways, docks and ships.
- Isambard Kingdom Brunel | History TV
He was burnt, broken and buried under his constructions but nothing stopped Brunel.
- Isambard Kingdom Brunel | British engineer | Britannica.com
Isambard Kingdom Brunel, (born April 9, 1806, Portsmouth, Hampshire, England—died September 15, 1859, Westminster, London),
- Timeline – Isambard Kingdom Brunel
Isambard Kingdom Brunel is born, to parents Marc and Sophia. on April 9 in Portsmouth.
- Top 10: Isambard Kingdom Brunel’s great surviving structures …
The 270-m (886-ft) eight-arched brick railway viaduct between Hanwell and Ealing was Brunel’s first major project and the first viaduct with an electric telegraph (1839).
- Biography Isambard Kingdom Brunel | Biography Online
Isambard Kingdom Brunel (9 April 1806 – 15 September 1859) was a British engineer, who played a key role in the early industrial revolution.
- Isambard Kingdom Brunel’s Steamships – ThoughtCo
The great Victorian engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel has been called the man who invented the modern world.