The Italian Humanist polymath Leon Battista Alberti published the concept for Angled Fortifications to protect against bombardment. Leon suggested in his book De re aedificatoria (On the Art of Building), published in 1485, that serrated walls, especially those walls built in a star-shaped design, could withstand an artillery bombardment better than walls that were flat by nature.
In his book De re aedificatoria (On the Art of Building), promulgated in 1452 and published in 1485, he suggested that serrated walls, especially walls built in a star-shaped design, would withstand artillery bombardment better than flat walls.
Leon Battista Alberti
- Leon Battista Alberti – Wikipedia
Leon Battista Alberti was born in 1404 in Genoa. His mother is unknown, and his father was a wealthy Florentine who had been exiled from his own city, allowed to return in 1428.
- Alberti and Military Architecture in Transition | SpringerLink
Alberti’s contribution to the nascent science of fortifications in the 1450s is often ignored, but a careful reading of his descriptions of fortifications show that he was the first to describe the elements of fortification formally in the precise mathematical terms of shape, measurements, relationships, proportions.
- Awe for the Noble Things: Leon Battista Alberti and the Meaning of …
Churches such as Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome that were built by adapting pagan Roman building practices served the early Christian community, and these churches continued to guide construction south of the Alps right up to the Renaissance.
- Further reflections on urban limits: the fortified city in Alberti’s De re …
Further reflections on urban limits are concerned with the connections between two main aspects: firstly, Leon Battista AlbertiÕs rejection of the enclosed urban model, as related to his political and social conception of the city; secondly, his awareness, of the existence of an ancient pool of knowledge, according to which the demarcation and materiality of the urban limit is present at its very origin, that is, at the moment of founding.
- Bailey the Early Effects of Gunpowder on Fortress Design – Scribd
The introduction of gunpowder did not immediately transform the battlefields of Europe. Designers of fortifications only had to respond to the destructive threats of siege warfare, and witnessing the technical failures of early gunpowder weaponry would hardly have convinced a European magnate to bolster his defenses.