After a series of failures, Mars 1, successfully launched from the USSR’s Baikonur space centre in Kazakhstan on November 1, 1962. Saddly the Mars 1 was lost before it reached Mars, as well two companion probes failed on the launch from the pad as well.
November 1st 1962
- Mars 1 – Wikipedia
Mars 1, also known as 1962 Beta Nu 1, Mars 2MV-4 and Sputnik 23, was an automatic interplanetary station launched in the direction of Mars on November 1, 1962, the first of the Soviet Mars probe program, with the intent of flying by the planet at a distance of about 11,000 km (6,800 mi).
- List of missions to Mars – Wikipedia
Mars and its moons have been a target for many spacecraft, with flyby, orbiter, lander and rover missions visiting the planet.
- Exploration of Mars – Wikipedia
Mars 1 (1962 Beta Nu 1), an automatic interplanetary spacecraft launched to Mars on November 1, 1962, was the first probe of the Soviet Mars probe program to achieve interplanetary orbit.