John Bardeen

John Bardeen (/bɑːrˈdiːn/; May 23, 1908 – January 30, 1991) was an American physicist and electrical engineer, the only person to have won the Nobel Prize in Physics twice: first in 1956 with William Shockley and Walter Brattain for the invention of the transistor; and again in 1972 with Leon N Cooper and John Robert Schrieffer for a fundamental theory of conventional superconductivity known as the BCS theory.

The transistor revolutionized the electronics industry, allowing the Information Age to occur, and made possible the development of almost every modern electronic device, from telephones to computers to missiles. Bardeen’s developments in superconductivity, which won him his second Nobel, are used in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (NMR) or its medical sub-tool magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

In 1990, John Bardeen appeared on LIFE Magazine’s list of “100 Most Influential Americans of the Century.

More at: John Bardeen – Wikipedia

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Name(s):
      John Bardeen
Occupation:
      Physicist,
      Electrical Engineer
Birth:
      May 23rd 1908,
      Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.
Death:
      January 30th 1991,
      Boston, MA, U.S.
Spouse:
      Jane Maxwell
      (m. 1938–91)
Children:
      James M. Bardeen
      (b. 1939)
      William A. Bardeen
      (b. 1941)
      Elizabeth Greytak
      (1944–2000)
Eductions:
      University of Wisconsin-Madison,
      Princeton University
Awards:
      Nobel Prize in Physics, 1956 and 1972
      IEEE Medal of Honor, 1971
      Franklin Medal, 1975
      National Medal of Science for Physical Science, 1966
      John Scott Legacy Medal and Premium, 1955


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