John Bardeen (/bɑːrˈdiːn/; May 23, 1908 – January 30, 1991) was an American physicist and electrical engineer, the only person to have won the Nobel Prize in Physics twice: first in 1956 with William Shockley and Walter Brattain for the invention of the transistor; and again in 1972 with Leon N Cooper and John Robert Schrieffer for a fundamental theory of conventional superconductivity known as the BCS theory.
The transistor revolutionized the electronics industry, allowing the Information Age to occur, and made possible the development of almost every modern electronic device, from telephones to computers to missiles. Bardeen’s developments in superconductivity, which won him his second Nobel, are used in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (NMR) or its medical sub-tool magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
In 1990, John Bardeen appeared on LIFE Magazine’s list of “100 Most Influential Americans of the Century.
More at: John Bardeen – Wikipedia
Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:
- John Bardeen, first person to receive Nobel Prize in Physics Twice
First person to be presented Twice with the Nobel Prize in Physics was in 1972 (first time was in 1956)
- Bell Telephone Laboratories invents the Transistor and changed the world
At the Bell Telephone Laboratories, Murray Hill, NJ, USA, the first demonstration of a transistor took place on June 30th 1948.
May 23rd 1908,
Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.
January 30th 1991,
Boston, MA, U.S.
James M. Bardeen
William A. Bardeen
University of Wisconsin-Madison,
Nobel Prize in Physics, 1956 and 1972
IEEE Medal of Honor, 1971
Franklin Medal, 1975
National Medal of Science for Physical Science, 1966
John Scott Legacy Medal and Premium, 1955
- John Bardeen – Wikipedia
John Bardeen was born in Madison, Wisconsin, on May 23, 1908. He was the son of Charles Russell Bardeen, the first dean of the University of Wisconsin Medical School.
- John Bardeen – Biographical – Nobelprize.org
John Bardeen was born in Madison, Wisconsin, on May 23, 1908, son of Dr. Charles R. Bardeen, and Althea Harmer. Dr. Bardeen was Professor of Anatomy, and Dean of the Medical School of the University of Wisconsin at Madison.
- John Bardeen – Educator, Physicist, Scientist, Inventor – Biography.com
John Bardeen was co-winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1956 for inventing the transistor and in 1972 for the theory of superconductivity.
- John Bardeen, William B. Shockley, and Walter H. Brattain and the …
On December 14, 2006, the American Physical Society presented a plaque to Bell Laboratories in honor of John Bardeen (1908-1991), William B. Shockley (1910-1989), and Walter H. Brattain (1902-1987) for their invention of the transistor, which has been called “the most important invention of the 20th Century.
- John Bardeen | American physicist | Britannica.com
John Bardeen, (born May 23, 1908, Madison, Wis., U.S.—died Jan. 30, 1991, Boston, Mass.), American physicist who was cowinner of the Nobel Prize for Physics in both 1956 and 1972. He shared the 1956 prize with William B. Shockley and Walter H. Brattain for their joint invention of the transistor.
- John Bardeen facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles …
Bardeen worked on developing the quantum mechanical theory of solids throughout his entire physics career. He was among the handful of American physicists who first applied this theory to real (rather than ideal) materials.
- John Bardeen Memorial Graduate Research Award | PHYSICS ILLINOIS
John Bardeen was born in Madison, Wisconsin on May 23, 1908. His father, Charles Russell Bardeen, was the first graduate of the Johns Hopkins Medical School and founder of the Medical School at the University of Wisconsin.
- Obituaries: Dr. John Bardeen, 82, Winner Of Nobel Prize for Transistor, – New York Times, Published: January 31, 1991
John Bardeen, a co-inventor of the transistor that led to modern electronics and twice a winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics, died yesterday at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston. He was 82 years old.