Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Greek: Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μέγας, Aléxandros ho Mégas Koine Greek: [a.lék.san.dros ho mé.gas]), was a king (basileus) of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty. He was born in Pella in 356 BC and succeeded his father Philip II to the throne at the age of twenty. He spent most of his ruling years on an unprecedented military campaign through Asia and northeast Africa, and he created one of the largest empires of the ancient world by the age of thirty, stretching from Greece to northwestern India. He was undefeated in battle and is widely considered one of history’s most successful military commanders.
During his youth, Alexander was tutored by Aristotle until age 16. After Philip’s assassination in 336 BC, he succeeded his father to the throne and inherited a strong kingdom and an experienced army. Alexander was awarded the generalship of Greece and used this authority to launch his father’s Panhellenic project to lead the Greeks in the conquest of Persia. In 334 BC, he invaded the Achaemenid Empire (Persian Empire) and began a series of campaigns that lasted ten years. Following the conquest of Anatolia, Alexander broke the power of Persia in a series of decisive battles, most notably the battles of Issus and Gaugamela. He subsequently overthrew Persian King Darius III and conquered the Achaemenid Empire in its entirety. At that point, his empire stretched from the Adriatic Sea to the Indus River.
More info at: Alexander the Great – Wikipedia
Alexander the Great
King of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon
July 356 BC,
June 323 BC,
Roxana (m. 328 BC–324 BC),
Stateira II (m. 325 BC–324 BC),
Parysatis II (m. 325 BC–324 BC)
Alexander IV of Macedon,
Heracles of Macedon
Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:
- Diving bell was known from antiquity
Alexander the Great’s descent in a diving bell built by Colimpha circa 330 BCE, is the first report, possibly apocryphal, of a diver submerging in a bell-shaped enclosure that contained a supply of air.
- First time scientists were attached to armed forces
Thats right, botanists, zoologists, geologists, geographers, and physicians were the kinds of scientists that accompanied the armies of Alexander the Great on his campaigns of military conquest beginning in 335 BCE.
- Persian Royal Road a very long road
The road called Persian Royal Road ran east-west across Anatolia for more than 1,500 miles (2,400 km) between the capital city of Susa, Persia (now the village of Shush, Iran), and Smyrna (now Iz-mir, Turkey), on the Aegean coast, passing through Nineveh and Haran, with a second terminus at Ephesus.
- Cultivation of Bananas
It is uncertain the origin of banana cultivation.
- Alexander the Great – Wikipedia
Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Greek: Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μέγας, Aléxandros ho Mégas Koine Greek: [a.lék.san.dros ho mé.gas]), was a king (basileus) of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty.
- Alexander the Great (Alexander of Macedon) Biography
Alexander III the Great, the King of Macedonia and conqueror of the Persian Empire is considered one of the greatest military geniuses of all times.
- Alexander the Great – King – Biography.com
Alexander the Great served as king of Macedonia from 336 to 323 B.C. During his time of leadership, he united Greece, reestablished the Corinthian League and conquered the Persian Empire.
- Alexander the Great – Ancient History – HISTORY.com
Macedonian king Alexander the Great (356-323 B.C.) was born to parents King Philip II and Queen Olympia. Tutored by Aristotle, the prince took charge of the Companion Cavalry at age 18 and aided Philip in defeating the Athenian and Theban armies at Chaeronea.
- Alexander the Great | king of Macedonia | Britannica.com
Alexander the Great, also known as Alexander III or Alexander of Macedonia (born 356 bce, Pella, Macedonia [northwest of Thessaloníki, Greece]—died June 13, 323 bce, Babylon [near Al-Ḥillah, Iraq]), king of Macedonia (336–323 bce), who overthrew the Persian empire, carried Macedonian arms to India, and laid the foundations for the Hellenistic world of territorial kingdoms.
- Alexander the Great – Ancient History Encyclopedia
Alexander III of Macedon, known as Alexander the Great (21 July 356 BCE – 10 or 11 June 323 BCE), was the son of King Philip II of Macedon.
- Alexander the Great: Facts, Biography & Accomplishments
Alexander the Great was a king of Macedonia who conquered an empire that stretched from the Balkans to modern-day Pakistan.
- BBC – History – Alexander the Great
Alexander III of Macedon, better known as Alexander the Great, single-handedly changed the nature of the ancient world in little more than a decade.
- The Rise of Macedonia and the Conquests of Alexander the Great …
During the first half of the fourth century B.C., Greek poleis, or city-states, remained autonomous. As each polis tended to its own interests, frequent disputes and temporary alliances between rival factions resulted.