Nicolaus Copernicus (/koʊˈpɜːrnɪkəs, kə-/; Polish: Mikołaj Kopernik; German: Nikolaus Kopernikus; Niklas Koppernigk; 19 February 1473 – 24 May 1543) was a Renaissance- and Reformation-era mathematician and astronomer who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at the center of the universe, likely independently of Aristarchus of Samos, who had formulated such a model some eighteen centuries earlier.
The publication of Copernicus’ model in his book De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres), just before his death in 1543, was a major event in the history of science, triggering the Copernican Revolution and making an important contribution to the Scientific Revolution.
Copernicus was born and died in Royal Prussia, a region that had been part of the Kingdom of Poland since 1466. A polyglot and polymath, he obtained a doctorate in canon law and was also a mathematician, astronomer, physician, classics scholar, translator, governor, diplomat, and economist. In 1517 he derived a quantity theory of money – a key concept in economics – and in 1519 he formulated an economics principle that later came to be called Gresham’s law.
More at:Nicolaus Copernicus – Wikipedia
To know that we know what we know, and to know that we do not know what we do not know, that is true knowledge.
Mathematics is written for mathematicians.
So, influenced by these advisors and this hope, I have at length allowed my friends to publish the work, as they had long besought me to do.
For it is the duty of an astronomer to compose the history of the celestial motions through careful and expert study.
Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:
- The occultation of a Star by the Moon
Nicolaus Copernicus (Mikolaj Kopernik), a Polish Astronomer, recorded in 1497,
February 19th 1473
Kingdom of Poland
May 24 th 1543 (aged 70)
Prince-Bishopric of Warmia,
Kingdom of Poland
University of Kraków (1491–4)
University of Bologna (1496–1500)
University of Padua (1501–3)
University of Ferrara (1503)
- Nicolaus Copernicus – Wikipedia
Nicolaus Copernicus was born on 19 February 1473 in the city of Thorn (modern Toruń), in the province of Royal Prussia, in the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland.
- Nicolaus Copernicus – Astronomer, Mathematician, Scholar, Scientist …
Astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus was instrumental in establishing the concept of a heliocentric solar system, in which the sun, rather than the earth, is the center of the solar system.
- Nicolaus Copernicus | Facts, Accomplishments, & Theory | Britannica …
Nicolaus Copernicus, Polish Mikołaj Kopernik German Nikolaus Kopernikus (born February 19, 1473, Toruń, Royal Prussia, Poland—died May 24, 1543, Frauenburg, East Prussia [now Frombork, Poland]), Polish astronomer who proposed that the planets have the Sun as the fixed point to which their motions are to be referred; that Earth is a planet which, besides orbiting the Sun annually, also turns once daily on its own axis; and that very slow, long-term changes in the direction of this axis account for the precession of the equinoxes.
- Nicolaus Copernicus Biography: Facts and Discoveries – Space.com
In the early 1500s, when virtually everyone believed Earth was the center of the universe, Polish scientist Nicolaus Copernicus proposed that the planets instead revolved around the sun.
- BBC – History – Copernicus
Copernicus was a Polish astronomer, best known for his theory that the Sun and not the Earth is at the centre of the universe.
- Nicolaus Copernicus – Biography, Facts and Pictures
By publishing his evidence that Earth orbits the sun, Nicolaus Copernicus relegated our planet’s status from center of the universe to just another planet. In doing so, he began the scientific revolution.
- Nicolaus Copernicus (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Nicolaus Copernicus (1473–1543) was a mathematician and astronomer who proposed that the sun was stationary in the center of the universe and the earth revolved around it.
- Nicolaus Copernicus – University of St Andrews
Nicolaus Copernicus is the Latin version of the famous astronomer’s name which he chose later in his life. The original form of his name was Mikolaj Kopernik or Nicolaus Koppernigk but we shall use Copernicus throughout this article.
- Nicolaus Copernicus – International Space Hall of Fame :: New Mexico …
Nicolaus Copernicus was a Polish astronomer who put forth the theory that the Sun is at rest near the center of the Universe, and that the Earth, spinning on its axis once daily, revolves annually around the Sun. This is called the heliocentric, or Sun-centered, system.