Because of a status-message virus that was accidentally propagated throughout the network on October 27, 1980, when the ARPANET (the U.S. Department of Defense’s prototype Internet) came to a complete halt, thus becoming the first total Internet crash. But seeing the the public as a whole, was still not privy to the internet yet, we were not affected by this crash, but a few have happened after 1995 where we the public were affected.
October 27, 1980
- A Brief History of the Internet – Walt Howe
The Internet was the result of some visionary thinking by people in the early 1960s who saw great potential value in allowing computers to share information on research and development in scientific and military fields. J.C.R. Licklider of MIT first proposed a global network of computers in 1962, and moved over to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) in late 1962 to head the work to develop it.
- The End of ARPANET | HowStuffWorks
Between 1969 and 1977, ARPANET grew from a network of four computer sites to one with 111 computers belonging to universities, research facilities and the military. Using satellite links, ARPANET connected computer systems in the continental United States to computers in Hawaii and Europe.
- Dot-com bubble – Wikipedia
The dot-com bubble (also known as the dot-com boom, the dot-com crash, the Y2K crash, the Y2K bubble, the tech bubble, the Internet bubble, the dot-com collapse, and the information technology bubble) was a historic economic bubble and period of excessive speculation that occurred roughly from 1997 to 2001, a period of extreme growth in the usage and adaptation of the Internet by businesses and consumers.
- Is it possible to crash or shutdown the entire Internet? – Computer Hope
No. The Internet as a whole is a collection of many independent networks controlled and maintained by different people, businesses, and governments. It has been designed to be redundant, which means even if one portion of the network goes down, users should still be able to gain access through another.
- Has the entire Internet ever crashed? – Quora
Probably the closest thing to a total internet meltdown took place in 1997, in what Wikipedia calls the “AS 7007 Incident”. A small ISP in Florida had a bug in their router code that caused it to advertise itself as the best destination for every prefix on the internet, causing most other networks to attempt to forward all of their traffic through that ISP.
- Unthinkable? The Internet Could Crash, And Here’s How | Off The Grid …
Let us imagine that on one dark, stormy night, Facebook goes down … for an hour. You might think that this wouldn’t be much of a big deal, since it’s merely a social network that enables pictures of cats and selfies to go viral.
- Four ways the Internet could go down – CNN – CNN.com
The Internet was designed to be robust, fault-tolerant and distributed, but its technology is still in its infancy. The fact that the Web has not stopped functioning in its initial decades sometimes encourages us to assume that it never will.
- House of Cards caused a massive hole in total internet bandwidth …
Netflix usually takes up about 30% of all Internet bandwidth in the U.S. Yes, a single Internet company is responsible for nearly a 1/3rd of all the Internet’s resources. So, the total resources available to all Internet users is heavily dependent on Netflix, alone.
- Looking back on the crash | Technology | The Guardian
As celebrations go, it will be a muted one. But at 9pm this evening, anyone who tried and failed to make a fortune in the dotcom boom can be forgiven for sitting back, pouring themselves a glass of millennium bubbly, and thinking about what might have been.
- How to Restart the Internet: This British Man Holds the Key for ICANN …
In case you missed it, The Guardian ran an almost unbelievable story last month about individuals from around the world who hold keys that, when combined into one master key, have the power to reset the internet. (Yes, this is a real world thing and not the plot of an upcoming Dan Brown novel.)