Circa 200 CE a Taoist state was set up by Zhang Lu, the third Taoist patriarch, in Han-chung (now part of the Chinese provinces of Szechwan and Shensi), from which its army formed the rebellion against the Han dynasty and was known as the Five Pecks of Rice.
- Zhang Lu (Han dynasty) – Wikipedia
Zhang Lu (died 216), courtesy name Gongqi, was a government official, warlord and religious leader who lived in the late Eastern Han dynasty.
- Way of the Five Pecks of Rice – Wikipedia
The Way of the Five Pecks of Rice or the Way of the Celestial Master, commonly abbreviated to simply The Celestial Masters, was a Chinese Taoist movement founded by the first Celestial Master Zhang Daoling in 142 CE. At its height, the movement controlled a theocratic state in the Hanzhong valley, north of Sichuan.
- Daoist Philosophy | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
The Xici is a commentary on the Yi jing formed in about the same period as the DDJ. It takes the taiji (Great Ultimate) as the source of correlative change and associates it with the dao. The contrast is not between what things are or that something is or is not, but between chaos (hundun) and the way reality is ordering (de).
- Tianshidao | Daoism | Britannica.com
Taking advantage of the resulting discontent, Zhang Lu formed his own army and set up an independent theocratic state, which established free wayside inns for travelers, dealt leniently with criminals, and promoted the spread of Daoism. In developing this state, Zhang Lu was joined by another Daoist leader, Zhang Xiu (no …