Playing deck with double-headed face cards

Double-headed face cards were printed in Germany in late 1813 to commemorate the key allied victory over Napoleon at the Battle of Leipzig. The face cards King, Jack, were of important people in that war, and the Queen, were goddesses as follows:

Depicted as the Kings were the monarchs of the four participating Allies:

  • Austria,
  • Prussia,
  • Russia,
  • Sweden.

The Jacks were the Allied commanding generals:

  • Prince Karl Philipp Schwarzenberg,
  • General Gebhard Leberecht Bliicher,
  • General Leonty Leontyevich Bennigsen,
  • Swedish crown prince Jean Bernadotte

The Queens were the Roman goddesses:

  • Ceres,
  • Diana,
  • Flora,
  • Pomona

There was a joker depicting Napoleon, but was not included in the deck.


Additional Information:

  • Face card – Wikipedia
    In a deck of playing cards, the term face card (US) or court card (British) is generally used to describe a card that depicts a person as opposed to the pip cards. They are also known as picture cards, or until the early 20th century, coat … The trend towards double-headed cards continued throughout the 19th and 20th …
  • Playing Cards: Germany
    Jun 13, 2010 – This is a 36 card deck used for playing the game of Schafkopf (sheep’s head). … There are 12 face cards, 3 in each suit, which include a KING (K), an OVER-KNAVE (Ober), and an UNDER-KNAVE (Unter). … the top as in the first two rows, or in the middle as in the bottom row. … All cards are double-headed.
  • Facecard Definition | Casinopedia
    Remarkably the facecards in a standard deck of English playing cards have a … cards (facecards) after worthy heroes in the epics of medieval history and by the … most facecard designs come from a double-ended version of facecards from …
  • History of Court Cards – The World of Playing Cards
    Mar 7, 1997 – The introduction of double-ended courts in the middle of the 19th century made the problem even worse. Playing card manufacturers usually try …
  • Why do the kings, queens and jacks look the way they do?
    Nov 1, 2006 – Early European card makers had a cast of 12 characters to depict. … from the rear, with their heads turned back over the shoulder so that they are seen in profile. … and are taken from a double pack entitled “What’s Wrong Playing Cards? … As a result some court cards were ‘turned’ to face the other way.

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