Kamerlingh Onnes was born in Groningen, Netherlands to father, Harm Kamerlingh Onnes a brickworks owner and mother, Anna Gerdina Coers from Arnhem.
In 1870, Kamerlingh Onnes attended the University of Groningen. He studied under Robert Bunsen and Gustav Kirchhoff at the University of Heidelberg from 1871- 1873. While attending Groningen, he obtained his Masters in 1878 and a Doctorate in 1879. His thesis was “Nieuwe bewijzen voor de aswenteling der aarde” (tr. New proofs of the rotation of the earth). From 1878- 1882 he was assistant to Johannes Bosscha, the Director of the Delft Polytechnic where he substituted as lecturer from 1881 – 1882.
He married Maria Adriana Wilhelmina Elisabeth Bijleveld (m. 1887) and had one child, Albert. His brother, Menso Kamerlingh Onnes (1860 -1925) was a fairly well known painter (and father to painter, Harm Kamerlingh Onnes), and his sister, Jenny married another famous painter, Floris Verster (1861 – 1927).
More info at: Heike Kamerlingh Onnes – Wikipedia
Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:
Heike Kamerlingh Onnes
21 September 1853
21 February 1926
- Heike Kamerlingh Onnes – Wikipedia
Prof Heike Kamerlingh Onnes (Dutch: [ËˆÉ”nÉ™s]) FRSFor HFRSE FCS (21 September 1853 â€“ 21 February 1926) was a Dutch physicist and Nobel laureate. He exploited the Hampson “Linde cycle to investigate how materials behave when cooled to nearly absolute zero and later to liquefy helium for the first time.
Heike Kamerlingh Onnes was born on September 21, 1853, at Groningen, The Netherlands. His father, Harm Kamerlingh Onnes, was the owner of a brickworks near Groningen; his mother was Anna Gerdina Coers of Arnhem, the daughter of an architect.
- Heike Kamerlingh Onnes – Facts
When different substances are cooled to very low temperatures, their properties change. In 1908 Heike Kamerlingh Onnes used an ingenious apparatus to cool helium to liquid form.
- The Nobel Prize in Physics 1913
- Heike Kamerlingh Onnes – Physicist, Scientist – Biography.com
The Nobel Prize in Physics 1913 was awarded to Heike Kamerlingh Onnes “for his investigations on the properties of matter at low temperatures which led, inter alia, to the production of liquid helium”.
- This Month in Physics History – American Physical Society
This year, 2007, the physics community celebrates the 20th anniversary of the Woodstock of Physics conference on high temperature superconductors and the 50th anniversary of the BCS theory of superconductivity. However, the story of superconductivity begins in 1911, when Heike Kamerlingh Onnes first discovered the phenomenon.
- Heike Kamerlingh Onnes | Dutch physicist | Britannica.com
Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, (born Sept. 21, 1853, Groningen, Neth.”died Feb. 21, 1926, Leiden), Dutch winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1913 for his work on low-temperature physics and his production of liquid helium.
- Heike Kamerlingh Onnes – Wikimedia Commons
- Heike Kamerlingh Onnes – MagLab
Heike Kamerlingh Onnes was a Dutch physicist who first observed the phenomenon of superconductivity while carrying out pioneering work in the field of cryogenics.