Richard I (8 September 1157 – 6 April 1199) was King of England from 6 July 1189 until his death. He also ruled as Duke of Normandy, Aquitaine and Gascony, Lord of Cyprus, Count of Poitiers, Anjou, Maine, and Nantes, and was overlord of Brittany at various times during the same period. He was the third of five sons of King Henry II of England and Duchess Eleanor of Aquitaine. He was known as Richard Coeur de Lion or Richard the Lionheart because of his reputation as a great military leader and warrior. He was also known in Occitan as Oc e No (Yes and No), because of his reputation for terseness.
By the age of 16, Richard had taken command of his own army, putting down rebellions in Poitou against his father. Richard was a central Christian commander during the Third Crusade, leading the campaign after the departure of Philip II of France and scoring considerable victories against his Muslim counterpart, Saladin, although he did not retake Jerusalem from Saladin.
More info at: Richard I of England – Wikipedia
Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:
Richard I of England
8 September 1157
6 April 1199 >
Châlus, Duchy of Aquitaine>
(now in Limousin, France)
Fontevraud Abbey, Anjou, France
Henry II of England
Eleanor of Aquitaine
- Richard I of England – Wikipedia
Richard was born on 8 September 1157, probably at Beaumont Palace, in Oxford, England, son of King Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine.
- Richard I | king of England | Britannica.com
Richard I, byname Richard the Lionheart or Lionhearted, French Richard Coeur de Lion (born September 8, 1157, Oxford, England—died April 6, 1199, Châlus, duchy of Aquitaine), duke of Aquitaine (from 1168) and of Poitiers (from 1172) and king of England, duke of Normandy, and count of Anjou (1189–99).
- BBC – History – King Richard I
Richard was a king of England, later known as the ‘Lion Heart’, and famous for his exploits in the Third Crusade, although during his 10-year reign he spent only six months in England.
- Richard the Lionheart, King of England – Historic UK
Outside the Houses of Parliament there stands a statue of Richard I seated on his horse as testimony that he was one of England’s bravest and greatest kings …or was he?
- King Richard I The Lion Heart | Britroyals
Richard was the third son of Henry II. He twice rebelled against his father before he became King of England in 1189, but based himself in his Duchy in Aquitaine inherited from his mother Eleanor.
- Richard the Lionheart facts | History Extra
If people in the streets of any European city today were asked to name one English king, many would probably answer ‘Richard the Lionheart’…
- Richard the Lionheart – The Crusades – ThoughtCo
Born September 8, 1157, Richard the Lionheart was the third legitimate son of King Henry II of England.
- Biography of Richard the Lionheart – ThoughtCo
Richard the Lionheart was born on September 8, 1157, in Oxford, England. He was generally considered to be his mother’s favorite son, and has been described as spoiled and vain because of it.
- Richard I of England – New World Encyclopedia
Richard I (September 8, 1157 – April 6, 1199) was king of England from 1189 to 1199. In his own time, the troubadour Bertran de Born called him Oc-e-Non (Yes-and-No), while some later writers referred to him as Richard the Lionheart, Cœur de Lion, as he is still known in France.
- Richard I Of England Biography – Childhood, Life Achievements …
Richard I, also known as Richard the Lionheart, was the King of England from 1189 to 1199. He was reputed to be a great military leader and warrior and was just 16 when he took command of his own army while joining his brothers in a rebellion against his father, King Henry II of England.