Epic of Gilgamesh

The Epic of Gilgamesh relates to the futile search for immortality of a Sumerian king based on the king who ruled the city of Uruk (Erech) in 2200 BCE. The complete version is on twelve fragmentary Akkadian-language tablets discovered by British archaeologist Austen Henry Layard in 1845-51 while excavating a 2,600 year-old library of Assyrian King Ashurbanipal at Nineveh or Iraq. Gilgamesh is also the first important literary hero.

      2000 BCE
      Uruk, Iraq

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