Hydrofoil Boat Designed by a Helicopter Pioneer

The experimental hydrofoil boat was designed by Enrico Forlanini, an Italian helicopter and airship pioneer in 1905. The boat rose from the water on ladderlike winged surfaces called hydrofoils thereby, reducing drag by propelling along the surface at high speeds due to powerful engines. Forlanini licensed his invention to an American, Alexander Graham Bell and Frederick W. “Casey” Baldwin who tested the new design- HD4 on Lake Baddeck, Nova Scotia, Canada in August 1918. The world record speed of 70.86 miles (114 kilometres) per hour with a top speed of 38 knots was achieved on September 9, 1919.

Date:
      1905, September 9, 1919
Name(s):
      Enrico Forlanini
Location:
      Italy


Additional Information:

  • Enrico Forlanini – Wikipedia
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  • Alexander Graham Bell and the Hydrofoils [1906-1921]
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