Renaissance architect, Filippo Brunelleschi of Florence, Italy first applied principle building techniques of classical Roman architecture to Gothic form by adding a dome to the unfinished Florence Cathedral, Santa Maria del Fiore. The cathedral remained unfinished for a century due to the lack of technical knowledge required for completion. Brunelleschi designed a converging structure of 24 reinforced ribs concealed within inner and outer shells, and invented a number of machines to aid in the construction work. The finished dome was 367 feet (111.86 meters) high covering an octagonal space 140 feet (42.7 meters) wide. The cathedral was dedicated on March 25, 1436.
March 25, 1436
- Filippo Brunelleschi – Wikipedia
Brunelleschi was born in Florence, Italy. Little is known about his early life, the only sources being Antonio Manetti and Giorgio Vasari.
- Filippo Brunelleschi | Biography, Artwork, Accomplishments, & Facts …
Filippo Brunelleschi, (born 1377, Florence [Italy]—died April 15, 1446, Florence), architect and engineer who was one of the pioneers of early Renaissance …
- Filippo Brunelleschi – Architect – Biography
Apr 2, 2014 – Filippo Brunelleschi was one of the leading architects and engineers of the Italian Renaissance, and is best known for his work on the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore (the Duomo) in Florence.
- Filippo Brunelleschi: Master of Renaissance Architecture
Filippo Brunelleschi, one of the great Renaissance architects, was born in Florence in the year 1377. His wealthy family was among the aristocracy of Florence, …
- Filippo Brunelleschi: Early Renaissance Architect, Florence Cathedral
Filippo Brunelleschi (1377-1446) Designer of the Dome of Florence Cathedral. The Italian genius Filippo Brunelleschi was architect, engineer, and sculptor at a critical time during the Florentine Renaissance, when Florence was asserting its supremacy as the cultural centre of the early Italian Renaissance 1400-90.