Circa 1100 at Abbots Langley, near St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England. Elected a Pope on December 4, 1154. The pope’s name was Adrian (or Hadrian) IV, born Nicholas Breakspear for Breakspear and was born in England.
December 4, 1154
December 4, 1154
- Hadrian IV – Vatican Articles – Vatican.com
Pope Hadrian IV was born Nicholas Breakspear in c.1100 in Abbots Langley, Hertfordshire, in the Kingdom of England. At the time in which he was appointed as the Roman Catholic pope, he was the first pope to be born in England.
- Pope Adrian IV – Wikipedia
Pope Adrian IV (Latin: Adrianus IV; born Nicholas Breakspear; c. 1100 – 1 September 1159) was Pope from 4 December 1154 to his death in 1159.
- Adrian IV | pope | Britannica.com
Adrian IV, original name Nicholas Breakspear, also known as Hadrian IV (born 1100?, Abbots Langley, near St. Albans, Hertfordshire, Eng.—died Sept. 1, 1159, Anagni, near Rome [Italy]), the only Englishman to occupy the papal throne (1154–59).
- CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pope Adrian IV – New Advent
Born 1100 (?); died 1 September, 1159. Very little is known about the birthplace, parentage, or boyhood of Adrian. Yet, as is usual in such cases, very various, and sometimes very circumstantial, accounts have reached us about him.
- Election of Pope Adrian IV | History Today
Nicholas Breakspear spent most of his life outside England. Born in humble circumstances at Abbots Langley in Hertfordshire, perhaps about 1100, he studied in Paris and became a canon regular of St Rufus near Avignon.
- Death of Pope Adrian IV | History Today
According to one report, Adrian IV died after choking on a fly in his wine, but quinsy (an inflammation of the tonsils) is the more commonly accepted explanation. Nicholas Breakspear was the only Englishman ever to occupy the chair of St Peter, elected in December 1154.
- Adrian, the Only English Pope – 901-1200 Church History Timeline
Only one Englishman has ever been pope. That was Nicholas Breakspear, known to history as Adrian IV.
- BBC News – Nicholas Breakspear: The only English Pope
In the Vatican the preliminaries are over. Group discussions have been concluded, oaths of secrecy have been sworn and mobile phones have been handed in to ensure total secrecy.