Caliph Muawiyah I founded the Muslim Umayyad Dynasty in 661 in Damascus, Syria. The Umayyad caliphs established an Islamic empire across Europe, Africa, Central Asia, and India. The Abbasids replaced the Umayyad family in 750 yet their lineage continued in Spain until 1031.
- Muawiyah I – Wikipedia
Muawiyah I was the founder and first caliph of the Umayyad Caliphate. He was the first who established the Umayyad dynasty in Islam of the caliphate, and was …
- Umayyad Caliphate – Wikipedia
The Umayyad Caliphate also spelt Omayyad, was the second of the four major caliphates … The family established dynastic, hereditary rule with Muawiya ibn Abi Sufyan, long-time governor of Syria, who became the fifth Caliph after the end of …
- Muʿāwiyah I | Umayyad caliph | Britannica.com
602, Mecca, Arabia—died April/May 680, Damascus), early Islamic leader and founder of the great Umayyad dynasty of caliphs. He fought against the fourth …
- Umayyad dynasty | Achievements, Capital, & Facts | Britannica.com
Umayyad dynasty, also spelled Omayyad, the first great Muslim dynasty to rule the empire of … Muʿāwiyah then established himself as the first Umayyad caliph.
- History of the Early Islamic World for Kids: Umayyad Caliphate
Muawiyah I established his capital in the city of Damascus where the Umayyads would rule the Islamic Empire for nearly 100 years. The Umayyad Caliphate …