Abd Allah ibn Sa’d ibn Abi Sarh, the governor of southern Egypt, founded the Muslim navy. Muawiyah ibn Abi Sufyan, the governor of Damascus,Syria assisted the Muslim attack on the Byzantine Empire and captured the Mediterranean islands of Cyprus in 649 and Rhodes in 654. They first defeated a Byzantine fleet in 652 off Alexandria, Egypt, and inflicted a further damage in 655 off Anatolia’s Lycian coast during the Battle of Dhat al-Sawari. Muawiyah became Caliph and founder of the Umayyad dynasty of Muslim rulers.
Abd Allah ibn Sa’d ibn Abi Sarh
- History of Islam – Wikipedia
The history of Islam concerns the political, social, economic and developments of the Islamic … In 610 CE, Muhammad began receiving what Muslims consider to be divine revelations. ….. To stop the Byzantine harassment from the sea during the Arab–Byzantine wars, in 649 Muawiyah I set up a navy, manned by …
- Muawiyah I – Wikipedia
Muawiyah I was the founder and first caliph of the Umayyad Caliphate. He was the first who established the Umayyad dynasty in Islam of the … In power, Muawiyah developed a navy in the Levant and used it to confront the … Utbah (602 CE) into the Banu Umayya sub-clan of the Banu Abd-Shams clan of the Quraysh tribe.
- Umayyad Caliphate – Wikipedia
The Umayyad Caliphate also spelt Omayyad, was the second of the four major caliphates … The Umayyad Caliphs were considered too secular by some of their Muslim …. In 649 Muawiyah set up a navy manned by Monophysite Christian, Copt and ….. These were the first coins minted by a Muslim government in history.
- Egypt – From the Islamic conquest to 1250 | Britannica.com
Egypt – From the Islamic conquest to 1250: The period of Egyptian history … navy, which between 649 and 669 joined in expeditions with Muslim fleets from …