Caliph Abu Bakr Succeeded Muhammad

Caliph Abu Bakr was named khalifat rasul Allah ("successor of the prophet of God") following the death of Muhammad on June 8, 632 by Medina Muslims. Continue reading

China Had First Pawn Shops

Pawn shops existed in ancient China in 1000 BCE and various Mediterranean civilization in 600 BCE. Continue reading

Hot Air Balloon Uses Flight Instruments

John Jeffries, an American balloonist carried a flight instrument, a barometer during his voyage over London, England in 1784. Continue reading

British Invented the Diving Suit

Englishman, John Lethbridge invented the first diving suit in 1715. Continue reading

Islam Recognized Religious Minorities

Islam tolerated minor religious Christian and Jewish communities living near Jordan, Saudi Arabia in 630 as the Muslims required pagans to convert to islam or risk being killed. Continue reading

China Population Reached 1 Billion

China’s population reached 1 billion people in 1987. Continue reading

Muawiyah I

Muawiyah I (Arabic: معاوية بن أبي سفيان‎, Muʿāwiyah ibn Abī Sufyān; 602 – 26 April 680) was the founder and first caliph of the Umayyad Caliphate. Continue reading

Rail Wheeled Cart Used in Germany

The first known wheeled carts to use rails was in Germany in 1430 as mine carts running on wooden rails. Continue reading

Great Britain Issued a Third World Loan

Great Britain issued a billion pound Third World Loan in 1917 to pay for World War I expenses following a six week fundraiser. Continue reading

Muhammad Incorporates Arab Tribes into Islamic Federation

Muhammad led his followers on raids against neighboring Arab tribes and incorporating them into the Islamic federation following his flee from Continue reading