French Steamroller Demonstration

Louis Lemoine, French inventor demonstrated a steamroller on May 27, 1959. Continue reading

Prophet Muhammad

Muhammad (Arabic: مُحمّد‎, pronounced [muħammad]; c. 570 CE – 8 June 632 CE) was the founder of Islam. According to Islamic doctrine, he was a prophet, sent to present and confirm the monotheistic teachings preached previously by Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets. He is viewed as the final prophet of God in all the main branches of Islam, though some modern denominations diverge from this belief. Muhammad united Arabia into a single Muslim polity, with the Quran as well as his teachings and practices forming the basis of Islamic religious belief.

Born approximately 570 CE (Year of the Elephant) in the Arabian city of Mecca, Muhammad was orphaned at six years old. He was raised under the care of his paternal uncle Abu Talib and Abu Talib’s wife Fatimah bint Asad. Periodically, he would seclude himself in a mountain cave named Hira for several nights of prayer; later, at age 40, he reported being visited by Gabriel in the cave,where he stated he received his first revelation from God. Three years later, in 610, Muhammad started preaching these revelations publicly, proclaiming that “God is One”, that complete “submission” (islām) to God[12] is the right course of action (dīn), and that he was a prophet and messenger of God, similar to the other prophets in Islam.

Muhammad gained few early followers, and experienced hostility from Meccan polytheists. To escape ongoing persecution, he sent some followers to Abyssinia in 615, before he and his followers migrated from Mecca to Medina (then known as Yathrib) later in 622. This event, the Hijra, marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar, also known as the Hijri Calendar. In Medina, Muhammad united the tribes under the Constitution of Medina. In December 629, after eight years of intermittent wars with Meccan tribes, Muhammad gathered an army of 10,000 Muslim converts and marched on the city of Mecca. The conquest went largely uncontested and Muhammad seized the city with little bloodshed. In 632, a few months after returning from the Farewell Pilgrimage, he fell ill and died. By his death, most of the Arabian Peninsula had converted to Islam.

The revelations (each known as Ayah, lit. “Sign [of God]”), which Muhammad reported receiving until his death, form the verses of the Quran, regarded by Muslims as the verbatim “Word of God” and around which the religion is based. Besides the Quran, Muhammad’s teachings and practices (sunnah), found in the Hadith and sira (biography) literature, are also upheld and used as sources of Islamic law (see Sharia).

More info at: Muhammad to be a prophet – Wikipedia

Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:

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Name(s):
      Muhammad
Occupation:
      The founder of Islam
Birth:
      c. 570

      Mecca, Hejaz, Arabia (present-day Saudi Arabia)
Death:
      8 June 632

      Medina, Hejaz, Arabia (present-day Saudi Arabia)
Spouses:
      Khadija bint Khuwaylid (595–619)

      Sawda bint Zamʿa (619–632)

      Aisha bint Abi Bakr (619–632)

      Hafsa bint Umar (624–632)

      Zaynab bint Khuzayma (625–627)

      Hind bint Abi Umayya (625–632)

      Zaynab bint Jahsh (627–632)

      Juwayriyya bint al-Harith (628–632)

      Ramla bint Abi Sufyan (628–632)

      Rayhana bint Zayd (629–631)

      Safiyya bint Huyayy (629–632)

      Maymunah bint al-Harith (630–632)

      Maria al-Qibtiyya (630–632)

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Additional Information:

Simon Marius

Simon Marius (Latinized from German Simon Mayr; January 20, 1573 – January 5, 1625) was a German astronomer. He was born in Gunzenhausen, near Nuremberg, but he spent most of his life in the city of Ansbach. He is most noted for making the first observations of the four largest moons of Jupiter, before Galileo himself, and his publication of his discovery led to charges of plagiarism. He is also known for the first European observation of the Andromeda Galaxy.

More info at: Simon Marius – Wikipedia

Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:

Name(s):
      Simon Marius
Birth:
      January 20, 1573, Gunzenhausen, Germany
Death:
      January 5, 1625, Ansbach, Germany
Discovered:
      Europa, Ganymede
Known for:
      Jupiter, Andromeda Galaxy


Additional Information:

Introduction of the Dot Matrix Printer

Seiko introduced the dot-matrix printer during the 1964 Tokyo Olympic Games in Tokyo, Japan. Continue reading

Walt Disney

Walter Elias Disney (/ˈdɪzni/;[1] December 5, 1901 – December 15, 1966) was an American entrepreneur, animator, voice actor and film producer. A pioneer of the American animation industry, he introduced several developments in the production of cartoons. As a film producer, Disney holds the record for most Academy Awards earned by an individual, having won 22 Oscars from 59 nominations. He was presented with two Golden Globe Special Achievement Awards and an Emmy Award, among other honors. Several of his films are included in the National Film Registry by the Library of Congress.

Born in Chicago in 1901, Disney developed an early interest in drawing. He took art classes as a boy and got a job as a commercial illustrator at the age of 18. He moved to California in the early 1920s and set up the Disney Brothers Studio with his brother Roy. With Ub Iwerks, Walt developed the character Mickey Mouse in 1928, his first highly popular success; he also provided the voice for his creation in the early years. As the studio grew, Disney became more adventurous, introducing synchronized sound, full-color three-strip Technicolor, feature-length cartoons and technical developments in cameras. The results, seen in features such as Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937), Pinocchio, Fantasia (both 1940), Dumbo (1941), and Bambi (1942), furthered the development of animated film. New animated and live-action films followed after World War II, including the critically successful Cinderella (1950) and Mary Poppins (1964), the latter of which received five Academy Awards.

More info at: Walt Disney – Wikipedia

Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:

Name(s):
      Walt Disney
Birth:
      December 5, 1901, Hermosa, Chicago, Illinois, United States
Death:
      December 15, 1966, Saint Joseph Medical Center Burbank, Burbank, California, United States
Spouse:
      Lillian Disney (m. 1925–1966)
Children:
      Diane Disney Miller,
      Sharon Mae Disney


Additional Information:

  • Walt Disney – Wikipedia
    Walter Elias Disney was an American entrepreneur, animator, voice actor and film producer. A pioneer of the American animation industry, he introduced several …
  • The Walt Disney Company
    The mission of The Walt Disney Company is to be one of the world’s leading producers and providers of entertainment and information.
  • Walt Disney World Resort in Orlando, Florida
    Welcome to Walt Disney World. Come and enjoy the magic of Walt Disney World Resort in Orlando, FL. Plan your family vacation and create memories for a …
  • Walt Disney – Life, Quotes & Death – Biography – Famous Biographies
    Walter Elias “Walt” Disney was born on December 5, 1901, in Hermosa, Illinois. He and his brother Roy co-founded Walt Disney Productions, which became one of the best-known motion-picture production companies in the world. Disney was an innovative animator and created the cartoon character Mickey Mouse.
  • About Walt Disney – D23
    During a 43-year Hollywood career, Walter Elias Disney, a modern Aesop, established himself and his product as a genuine part of Americana.
  • The Walt Disney Family Museum
    The Walt Disney Family Museum is an American museum that features the life and legacy of Walt Disney. The museum is located in The Presidio of San …
  • Walt Disney | Biography, Movies, & Facts | Britannica.com
    Walt Disney , in full Walter Elias Disney, (born December 5, 1901, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.—died December 15, 1966, Los Angeles, California), American …

Perfume Created for Queen Elizabeth of Hungary

The Hungary Water perfume made for Queen Elizabeth of Hungary in 1370 was an alcohol solution containing a scented floral oil blend. Continue reading

Tunnel Linking France and Switzerland

A 7 km mountain tunnel linking France and Switzerland under Mount Cenis in the Alps was completed in December 1870. Continue reading

First Female Jet Plane Pilot

Maria Atanassova (Marija Georgieva Atanassowa) of Bulgaria, Russia was hired by Continue reading

Vladimir Kosma Zworykin

Vladimir Kosmich Zworykin (Russian: Влади́мир Козьми́ч Зворы́кин, Vladimir Koz’mich Zvorykin; July 29 [O.S. July 17] 1888 – July 29, 1982)[1][2] was a Russian-born American inventor, engineer, and pioneer of television technology. Educated in Russia and in France, he spent most of his life in the United States. Zworykin invented a television transmitting and receiving system employing cathode ray tubes. He played a role in the practical development of television from the early thirties, including charge storage-type tubes, infrared image tubes and the electron microscope.[3]

More info at: Vladimir K. Zworykin – Wikipedia

Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:

Name(s):
      Vladimir Kosma Zworykin
Birth:
      July 29, 1888, Murom, Russia
Death:
      July 29, 1982, Princeton, New Jersey, United States
Spouse:
      Katherine Polevitsky (m. 1951–1982)
Awards:
      IEEE Medal of Honor, IEEE Edison Medal
Books:
      Television: The Electronics of Image Transmission
Education:
      University of Pittsburgh, Saint-Petersburg State Institute of Technology


Additional Information:

Sculptor, Properzia de Rossi

Female Renaissance sculptor, Properzia de Rossi’s carved the bas-relief Joseph and Potiphar's Wife in 1520. Continue reading