Pope Initiates First Christian Inquisition

Pope Gregory IX instituted the Papal Inquisition in 1231, to eradicate the Cathari and Waldensians heretics living in Italy and France. The campaign included practitioners of witchcraft and alchemy, and granting interrogators rights to use various torture methods on the accused as of 1252.

      1231, 1252
      Pope Gregory IX

Additional Information:

  • Inquisition | Roman Catholicism | Britannica.com
    Sixtus IV: The earliest, largest, and best-known of these was the Spanish Inquisition, established by Pope Sixtus IV at the petition of Ferdinand and Isabella, the rulers of Aragon and Castile, in a papal bull of Nov. 1, 1478.
  • Inquisition – Wikipedia
    The Inquisition was a group of institutions within the Catholic Church whose aim was to combat … During the Late Middle Ages and the early Renaissance, the concept and … The Spanish and Portuguese inquisitions focused particularly on the issue of …. In 1258 Pope Alexander IV ruled that inquisitors should limit their …
  • Medieval Inquisition – Wikipedia
    The Medieval Inquisition was a series of Inquisitions from around 1184, including the Episcopal Inquisition (1184–1230s) and later the Papal Inquisition (1230s). The Medieval Inquisition was established in response to movements considered apostate or heretical to Christianity, in particular Catharism and Waldensians … These were the first inquisition movements of …
  • The Inquisition – Jewish Virtual Library
    While many people associate the Inquisition with Spain and Portugal, it was actually instituted by Pope Innocent III (1198-1216) in Rome. A later pope, Pope Gregory IX established the Inquisition, in 1233, to combat the heresy of the Abilgenses, a religious sect in France.
  • Historical Overview of the Inquisition
    At this time, there was a sense of Christian unity among townspeople and rulers … Pope Gregory’s original intent for the Inquisition was a court of exception to …

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