Arjan, compiler of the Adi Granth and the builder of the Golden Temple at Amritsar, India was the first Sikh martyr. Upon Jahangir’s succession, head of the Mughal empire of India in 1606, he abandoned the Sikh tolerance policy and accused Arjan of aiding a rebel prince, teaching falsehoods, and things that were offensive to Islam. Arjan was tortured to death in Lahore, India on May 30, 1606.
May 30, 1606
- iWonder – The Gurus and warriors of the Sikh kingdom – BBC
Guru Arjan, The first Sikh martyr, Sikhism was well established in Punjab by the time of Guru Arjan, the fifth Guru.
- Martyrdom in Sikhism – Wikipedia
Martyrdom is a fundamental institution of Sikhism. Sikh festivals are largely focused on the lives … for Sikhs, and have greatly influenced Sikh culture and practices. The Fifth Guru, Guru Arjan Dev, is generally regarded as the first Sikh martyr.
- Shaheed Singh Martyrs of Sikh History – Learn Religions
Apr 28, 2019 – Sikhism martyrs of the 16th and 17th century include Gurus and their disciples as well … Fifth Guru Arjun Dev became the first martyr of Sikhism.
- Martyrdom and the Sikh Tradition – Jstor
eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Sikh literature. This paper locates the origins of the Sikh concept of martyrdom not in the period of the first nine Gurus …
- Martyrdom and the Execution of Guru Arjan in Early Sikh Sources – jstor
Master, Guru Arjan, has always been understood as an heroic martyrdom. Yet the fact that this event is not mentioned either in the Bachitar Natak, the first Sikh …