Offa – King of Mercia

Offa was King of Mercia, a kingdom of Anglo-Saxon England, from 757 until his death in July 796. The son of Thingfrith and a descendant of Eowa, Offa came to the throne after a period of civil war following the assassination of Æthelbald. Offa defeated the other claimant, Beornred. In the early years of Offa’s reign, it is likely that he consolidated his control of Midland peoples such as the Hwicce and the Magonsæte. Taking advantage of instability in the kingdom of Kent to establish himself as overlord, Offa also controlled Sussex by 771, though his authority did not remain unchallenged in either territory. In the 780s he extended Mercian Supremacy over most of southern England, allying with Beorhtric of Wessex, who married Offa’s daughter Eadburh, and regained complete control of the southeast. He also became the overlord of East Anglia and had King Æthelberht II of East Anglia beheaded in 794, perhaps for rebelling against him.

Offa was a Christian king who came into conflict with the Church, particularly with Jænberht, the Archbishop of Canterbury. Offa persuaded Pope Adrian I to divide the archdiocese of Canterbury in two, creating a new archdiocese of Lichfield. This reduction in the power of Canterbury may have been motivated by Offa’s desire to have an archbishop consecrate his son Ecgfrith as king, since it is possible Jænberht refused to perform the ceremony, which took place in 787. Offa had a dispute with the Bishop of Worcester, which was settled at the Council of Brentford in 781.

More info at: Offa of Mercia – Wikipedia

Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:

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Name(s):
      Offa
Occupation:
      King of Mercia
Birth:
      unknown
Death:
      29 July 796
Spouse:
      Cynethryth

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Additional Information:

  • Offa of Mercia – Wikipedia
    Offa was King of Mercia, a kingdom of Anglo-Saxon England, from 757 until his death in July 796. The son of Thingfrith and a descendant of Eowa, Offa came to the throne after a period of civil war following the assassination of Æthelbald. Offa defeated the other claimant, Beornred.
  • Offa | Biography, Reign, & Facts | Britannica
    Offa, (died July 796), one of the most powerful kings in early Anglo-Saxon England. As ruler of Mercia from 757 to 796, Offa brought southern England to the …
  • King Offa of Mercia and Offa’s Dyke – Historic UK
    Offa, his Dyke and his legendary hospitality! Offa was King of the Mercians, a warrior tribe from central England, from 757 – 796, and is best remembered for his .
  • King Offa – The British Library
    Offa made his first appearance when he became king of Mercia in 757. He was one of several men who vied for the throne after the death of his distant relative, …
  • King Offa of Mercia: A Ruthless Anglo-Saxon Hellbent on …
    Dec 11, 2018 – One of the most prominent Anglo-Saxon kings, Offa of Mercia in southern England, came to power upon the murder of his cousin, King …
  • Offa, King of Mercia. – English Monarchs
    He was descended from Eowa, the brother of King Penda of Mercia, who had been killed in battle in 643. Offa succeeded Beonraed to the throne of the …
  • Did King Offa Become a Muslim? – Answering Islam
    Offa (AD 757-796) was the king of Mercia, an Anglo-Saxon kingdom. He was one of the most powerful Anglo-Saxon kings and controlled the territory south of the …
  • King Offa | Britroyals
    Offa (son of Thingfrith, son of Eanulf), King of Mercia, was one of the leading figures of Saxon history. He obtained the throne of Mercia in 757, after the murder of …

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