Theodor Herzl

Theodor Herzl (/ˈhɜːrtsəl, ˈhɛərtsəl/; German: [ˈhɛɐtsl̩]; Hebrew: תֵּאוֹדוֹר הֶרְצְל Te’odor Hertsel; Hungarian: Herzl Tivadar; Hebrew name given at his brit milah Binyamin Ze’ev (Hebrew: בִּנְיָמִין זְאֵב),[2] also known in Hebrew as חוֹזֵה הַמְדִינָה, Chozeh HaMedinah, lit. “Visionary of the State”; 2 May 1860 – 3 July 1904) was a Austro-Hungarian Jewish journalist, playwright, political activist, and writer who was the father of modern political Zionism. Herzl formed the Zionist Organization and promoted Jewish immigration to Palestine in an effort to form a Jewish state. Though he died before its establishment, he is known as the father of the State of Israel.

While Herzl is specifically mentioned in the Israeli Declaration of Independence and is officially referred to as “the spiritual father of the Jewish State”, i.e. the visionary who gave a concrete, practicable platform and framework to political Zionism, he was not the first Zionist theoretician or activist; scholars, many of them religious such as rabbis Yehuda Bibas, Zvi Hirsch Kalischer and Judah Alkalai, promoted a range of proto-Zionist ideas before him.

More info at: Theodor Herzl – Wikipedia

Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:

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Name(s):
      Theodor Herzl
Birth:
      May 2, 1860, Pest, Budapest, Hungary
Death:
      July 3, 1904, Edlach an der Rax, Austria
Full Name:
      Benjamin Ze’ev Herzl
Children:
      Hans Herzl,
      Margaritha Herzl,
      Paulina Herzl

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Additional Information:

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