Alexander Bain, Scottish psychologist invented the facsimile process in 1843 and received a patent for “improvements in producing and regulating electric currents and improvements in timepieces and in electric printing and signal telegraphs.” The invention used two synchronous pendulums, one for transmission and one for reception, each of which oscillated over a rotating drum. A text message or image created in an electrically conductive material was wrapped around the sending drum. A needle on the sending pendulum picked up impulses only where there was conductive material. The receiving needle made marks on photosensitive paper corresponding to the signals from the sending needle. Bain later proposed the idea of scanning an image into small parts for transmission which became the basis for graphical telecommunications and television. Frederick Blakewell demonstrated a working model at the London Great Exhibition of 1851.
- The Fax Machines of the 1800s • Damn Interesting
The first fax machine was invented by a brilliant Scottish clockmaker named Alexander Bain who sent the world’s first picture-by-wire using analog telegraph technology in 1842. The Bain system used a chemically-treated roll of paper whose color would change to blue wherever electricity was passed through it.Sep 20, 2005
- Fax – Wikipedia
Fax (short for facsimile), sometimes called telecopying or telefax is the telephonic transmission … He introduced the first commercial telefax service between Paris and Lyon in 1865, some 11 years before the invention of the telephone. In 1880 ..
- The History of Fax (from 1843 to Present Day) | Fax Authority
Mar 5, 2020 – Working on an experimental fax machine between 1843 and 1846, he was … Through a number inventions in the late 1800s and early 1900s, …
- Alexander Bain and the First Fax – ThoughtCo
Mar 21, 2019 – The first fax machine was invented by Scottish mechanic and inventor Alexander Bain. In 1843, Alexander Bain received a British patent for …
- The Invention of the Fax Machine | Encyclopedia.com
Apr 1, 2020 – The fax machine has had a direct impact on the advancement of communications technology since its humble invention in the 1800s. … The earliest form of the fax machine is attributed to Scottish inventor Alexander Bain …