Cesare Beccaria

Beccaria was born in Milan on 15 March 1738 to the Marchese Gian Beccaria Bonesana, an aristocrat of moderate well-being from the Austrian Habsburg Empire.Beccaria received his early education in the Jesuit college at Parma. Subsequently, he graduated in law from the University of Pavia in 1758. At first he showed a great aptitude for mathematics, but studying Montesquieu (1689–1755) redirected his attention towards economics. In 1762 his first publication, a tract on the disorder of the currency in the Milanese states, included a proposal for its remedy.

In his mid-twenties, Beccaria became close friends with Pietro and Alessandro Verri, two brothers who with a number of other young men from the Milan aristocracy, formed a literary society named “L’Accademia dei pugni” (the Academy of Fists), a playful name which made fun of the stuffy academies that proliferated in Italy and also hinted that relaxed conversations which took place in there sometimes ended in affrays. Much of its discussion focused on reforming the criminal justice system. Through this group Beccaria became acquainted with French and British political philosophers, such as Hobbes, Diderot, Helvétius, Montesquieu, and Hume. He was particularly influenced by Helvétius

More Info at: Cesare Beccaria – Wikipedia

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Additional Information:

  • Cesare Beccaria – Wikipedia
    Cesare Bonesana di Beccaria, Marquis of Gualdrasco and Villareggio (Italian: [ˈtʃeːzare bekkaˈriːa, ˈtʃɛː-]; 15 March 1738 – 28 November 1794) was an Italian criminologist, jurist, philosopher, and politician, who is widely considered as the most talented jurist and one of the greatest thinkers of the Age of …
  • Cesare Beccaria – Beliefs, Theory & Famous Works – Biography
    Apr 16, 2019 – Cesare Beccaria was born on March 15, 1738, in Milan, Italy. In the early 1760s, he helped form a society called “the academy of fists,” dedicated …
  • Cesare Beccaria | Italian criminologist | Britannica
    Mar 11, 2020 – Cesare Beccaria, in full Cesare, Marchese (marquess) Di Beccaria Bonesana, (born March 15, 1738, Milan—died November 28, 1794, Milan), Italian criminologist and economist whose Dei delitti e delle pene (Eng. trans. J.A. Farrer, Crimes and Punishment, 1880) was a celebrated volume on the reform of criminal justice.
  • Cesare Beccaria: – Constitution Society
    Cesare Beccaria was born on March 15, 1738 into an Aristocratic family in … Beccaria’s most noted essay, “On Crimes and Punishments” was written with the …
  • Cesare Beccaria’s radical ideas on crime and punishment …
    Jul 3, 2019 – Beccaria was a trained lawyer as well as a published mathematician, but philosophy was the key to his mission of reform. On Crimes and …

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