Socialist Theorists Active in 18th Century France

Socialist theorists were active in 18th and 19th century France and England as industrialized state run scientific principles by experts, with the goal of improving the condition of even the poorest members. Claude-Henri de Rouvroy, comte de Saint-Simon wrote his theory in Nouveau Christianisme (New Christianity), while his contemporary, Francois-Marie-Charles Fourier proposed the creation of cooperative agricultural settlements, called phalanges. Members share the responsibilities and the benefits of their collective efforts. The Welsh reformer Robert Owen, built a model workers’ community near Manchester, England, and in 1825 financed an experimental cooperative village in New Harmony, IN, USA. The socialist ideas originated in Plato’s Republic in the fourth century BCE.

      late 18th and early 19th centuries
      Claude-Henri de Rouvroy
      Socialist theorists
      France, England

Additional Information:

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