Commercial Atmospheric-Pressure Piston Steam Engine

Thomas Newcomen built the atmospheric-pressure piston engine that superseded Thomas Savery’s engine. Newcomen built the engine in 1712 near Dudley Castle, Staffordshire, England. The piston separated the condensing steam from the water that was connected to one end of a rocking beam, and attached the other end to the pumping rod at the mine shaft.

Date:
      1712
Name(s):
      Thomas Newcomen
Occupation:
      Inventor
Location:
      Staffordshire, England

Additional Information:

  • Newcomen atmospheric engine – Wikipedia
    The atmospheric engine was invented by Thomas Newcomen in 1712, and is often referred to simply as a Newcomen engine. The engine was operated by condensing steam drawn into the cylinder, thereby creating a partial vacuum which allowed the atmospheric pressure to push the piston into the cylinder.
  • Thomas Newcomen | Biography, Steam Engine, & Facts …
    Feb 28, 2020 – In Newcomen’s engine the intensity of pressure was not limited by the pressure of the steam. Instead, atmospheric pressure pushed the piston down after the condensation of steam had created a vacuum in the cylinder. … By using steam at atmospheric pressure, he kept within the working limits of his materials.
  • Steam Engine History
    The use of steam to pump water was patented by Thomas Savery in 1698, and in … The cylinder below the steam piston is first filled with atmospheric pressure …
  • Newcomen atmospheric engine – National Museums Scotland
    Thomas Newcomen invented the first steam engine in 1712. … the first steam engine to pump water by devising a method to generate power from atmospheric pressure. … His engine utilised a piston working within an open topped cylinder.
  • The Newcomen Steam Engine | Professor Mark Csele
    This engine along with Watt’s are called “atmospheric engines” because the steam … the pressure of the atmosphere on top of the cylinder which drive the piston … About 65 years after Newcomen invented this engine, James Watt made an …

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