First Intestinal Surgery Performed

Hindu surgeon Susruta first performed surgery to repair perforated or obstructed intestines in India in 49 BCE. Wound sutures were the severed heads of giant ants, exercising enough gripping pressure to hold the parts together. Susruta used steel instruments including 20 sharp instruments and 101 blunt ones.

      49 BCE

Additional Information:

  • Intestinal Perforation – StatPearls – NCBI Bookshelf
    Jun 28, 2019 – Bowel obstruction is more common in patients with a prior history of surgery … Many, but not all causes of perforated viscus, require surgery. … [23] Resection or repair of the perforated site with or without drainage and …
  • Evaluation and Management of Intestinal Obstruction – AAFP
    Jan 15, 2011 – Evidence of vascular compromise or perforation, or failure to resolve with … Surgery is warranted in patients with intestinal obstruction that does not … about their history of abdominal neoplasia, hernia or hernia repair, and …
  • Bowel obstruction: a narrative review for all physicians | World …
    Apr 29, 2019 – Having a history of previous abdominal surgery has 85% sensitivity and 78% … bowel obstruction unless there are signs of intestinal ischemia/perforation. … Prosthetic repair is the treatment of choice for most abdominal wall …
  • Gastrointestinal perforation – Wikipedia
    Treatment, Emergency surgery in the form of an exploratory laparotomy. Medication, Intravenous fluids, antibiotics. Prognosis, Risk of death up to 50%. Gastrointestinal perforation, also known as ruptured bowel, is a hole in the wall of part of the … or a medical procedure such as colonoscopy, bowel obstruction such as from …
  • Approach to the patient with intestinal obstruction – Cancer …
    If necrosis progresses to all layers of the bowel, perforation is inevitable. Bowel necrosis may … Radiation (worse when post-surgical adhesions fix bowel in place) … “Natural history of patients with adhesive small bowel obstruction”. Br J Surg.

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