The visual telegraph line transmitted the first message across a 30-mile stretch of France, using the 22 stations of the Paris Lille line in 1793. It notified France’s revolutionary government, the Convention, that armies had conquered the town of Conde. The reply message, “We congratulate the brave republican soldiers and give order that Conde, bearing up to now the name of the hated nobility, should be called forever Nord-Libre,” Inventor Claude Chappe installed the first Lille line.
- Invention of the Telegraph | Articles and Essays | Samuel F. B. …
Long before Samuel F. B. Morse electrically transmitted his famous message … Collection Samuel F. B. Morse Papers at the Library of Congress, 1793 to 1919 … that when they used the word “telegraph” to refer to this visual semaphore system, … he speculated that it might be possible to send a coded message over a wire.
- Optical telegraph – Wikipedia
An optical telegraph is a line of stations, typically towers, for the purpose of conveying textual information by means of visual signals. … One of the first experiments of optical signalling was carried out by the … One of the last messages sent over the French semaphore was the report of the fall of Sebastopol in 1855.
- Telegraphy – Wikipedia
Telegraphy is the long-distance transmission of textual messages where the sender uses … Telegrams became a popular means of sending messages once telegraph … This is to be distinguished from semaphore, which merely transmits messages. … A wirephoto or wire picture was a newspaper picture that was sent from a …
- The Art of Warfare in the Age of Napoleon
The Constitution of 1793 reflected this point of view. … After the victory at Wattignies in October 1793, it sent orders to Jourdan instructing him … communication, the Chappe visual telegraph, assisted in the rapid transmission of his orders. … Under good conditions the system could transmit messages at 120 miles per hour, …
Gunther E. Rothenberg – 1980 – History
- Visual Telegraphy
In 1793, a Frenchman, Claude Chappe invented the Semaphore Telegraph, which is a visual … In this way, the message was transmitted from tower to tower. This first Chappe’s Semaphore Line was established between Paris and Lille. In August 1794, Chappe’s semaphore system delivered to Paris the message of the …