Humane Treatment of Soldiers and Civilians in Wartime – AKA Geneva Conventions

International agreements on the Humane Treatment of Soldiers and Civilians in Wartime were signed at the first Convention for the Amelioration of the Wounded in Time of War, held in Geneva, Switzerland, in August 1864. The Geneva conventions, were initiated by Jean-Henri Dunant, the founder of the Red Cross.

August 1864

  • The agreement reached at the first convention provided that hospitals for the wounded or medical personnel could not be considered military targets;
  • that all wounded combatants had to be treated impartially;
  • and that the Red Cross symbol would identify protected personnel and equipment.


  • the first Geneva convention had been ratified by the European great powers.


  • extended the protections.


  • extended the protections.

      August, 1864
      Jean-Henri Dunant
      Founder of the Red Cross
      Geneva, Switzerland

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