Blaise Pascal

Blaise Pascal (/pæˈskæl, pɑːˈskɑːl/; French: [blɛz paskal]; 19 June 1623 – 19 August 1662) was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Catholic theologian. He was a child prodigy who was educated by his father, a tax collector in Rouen. Pascal’s earliest work was in the natural and applied sciences where he made important contributions to the study of fluids, and clarified the concepts of pressure and vacuum by generalising the work of Evangelista Torricelli. Pascal also wrote in defence of the scientific method.

In 1642, while still a teenager, he started some pioneering work on calculating machines. After three years of effort and 50 prototypes, he built 20 finished machines (called Pascal’s calculators and later Pascalines) over the following 10 years, establishing him as one of the first two inventors of the mechanical calculator.

More info at: Blaise Pascal – Wikipedia

Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:

Name(s):
      Blaise Pascal
Occupation:
      Mathematician, Physicist, Inventor, Writer and Catholic Theologian
Birth:
      June 19, 1623, Clermont-Ferrand, France
Death:
      August 19, 1662, Paris, France


Additional Information:

Invention of the Piston Engine

Christiaan Huygens, the Dutch scientist invented the piston engine in 1673. The design had one piston powered by gunpowder, when a small charge detonated in the cylinder, it pushed the piston and turned a crank. It was a crude internal combustion engine.

Date:
      1673
Name(s):
      Christiaan Huygens
Occupation:
      Scientist
Location:
      Dutch


Additional Information:

  • Gunpowder engine – Hmolpedia
    The first gunpowder engine, using a piston and cylinder, was invented and built in 1678 by Dutch mathematical physicist Christiaan Huygens called Huygens gunpowder and air engine.Apr 24, 2017
  • Gunpowder engine – Wikipedia
    Huygens, however, became interested in the mechanical power of the vacuum, and the possibility of using gunpowder to produce one. In 1678 he outlined a gunpowder engine consisting of a vertical tube containing a piston. Gunpowder was inserted into the tube and lit through a small hole at the base, like a cannon.
  • Gunpowder engine – WikiVisually
    A gunpowder engine, also known as an explosion engine or Huygens’ engine, is a type of internal combustion engine using gunpowder as its fuel. … Huygens presented a paper on his invention in 1680, A New Motive Power by Means …. Christiaan Huygens, FRS (or ; Dutch: [ˈɦœyɣə(n)s] (listen); Latin: Hugenius; 14 April …
  • Christiaan Huygens Biography – Space.com
    Jun 8, 2012 – Dutch scientist Christiaan Huygens proposed the earliest theory … Working as an astronomer, physicist, mathematician and inventor, … Other inventions by Huygens included his design of an internal combustion engine in …

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