The first international medical relief organization was the Red Cross, technically formed at the Geneva Convention of 1864 and the Red Cross still has headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The Red Cross Mission was based on the ideas of the Swiss humanitarian Jean-Henri Dunant, who had advocated the formation of national voluntary societies for huanitarian aid during wartime. During non war times, The Red Cross also performs such peacetime duties, as first aid training and disaster relief. After 1906 Red Crescent societies was first formed in Muslim countries.
- Henry Dunant – Wikipedia
Henry Dunant (born Jean-Henri Dunant; 8 May 1828 – 30 October 1910), also known as Henri Dunant, was the founder of the Red Cross, and the first recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.
- Redcross.ca – Canadian Red Cross
Official Canadian site
- History – IFRC
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) was founded in 1919 in Paris in the aftermath of World War I.