Muawiyah I

Muawiyah I (Arabic: معاوية بن أبي سفيان‎, Muʿāwiyah ibn Abī Sufyān; 602 – 26 April 680) was the founder and first caliph of the Umayyad Caliphate. He was the first who established the Umayyad dynasty in Islam of the caliphate, and was the second caliph from the Umayyad clan, the first being Uthman ibn Affan.

Muawiyah was appointed as the Governor of Syria after his brother Yazid ibn Abu Sufyan died. During the time of Ali ibn Abi Talib, Muawiyah convinced Talha and Zubayr to revolt against Ali. This led to the Battle of the Camel, the first battle in the First Fitna (the first Islamic civil war). In 657, Muawiya’s army attacked the army of Ali at the Battle of Siffin. After the death of Ali in 661, Muawiya’s army approached that of Ali’s son and successor, Hasan ibn Ali. In order to avoid further bloodshed, Hasan signed a peace treaty with Muawiyah. Muawiyah then assumed power; however, Muawiyah ended up breaking all his requirements set out by the peace treaty.

More info at: Muawiyah I – Wikipedia

Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:

Name(s):
      Muawiyah bin Abi-Sufyan
Occupation:
      Founder and first caliph of the Umayyad Caliphate
Birth:
      602 AD, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Death:
      680 AD, Damascus, Syria


Additional Information:

Assassination of Caliph Uthman ibn Affan

Islamic civil war erupted upon the assassination of the third caliph Uthman ibn Affan, in 656 by Egyptian soldiers. Continue reading

Founding of the Muslim Navy

Abd Allah ibn Sa'd ibn Abi Sarh, the governor of southern Egypt, founded the Muslim navy. Continue reading

Napoleon Bonaparte

Napoléon Bonaparte (French: [napoleɔ̃ bɔnɑpaʁt]; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars. Continue reading

Guerrilla war is as old as organized warfare

Guerrilla warfare is well documented from ancient Persian, Greek, Roman, and Mongol accounts of battle. Continue reading

William Howard Russell

Sir William Howard Russell, CVO (28 March 1820, Tallaght, County Dublin, Ireland – 11 February 1907, London, England) was an Irish reporter with The Times, and is considered to have been one of the first modern war correspondents. Continue reading

Crimean War receive extensive newspaper coverage

The Crimean War (1853-56), was the first war to receive extensive newspaper coverage. Continue reading