The first emperor of India, King Chandragupta Maurya converted to Jainism following his Indian conquest and reigned from 321 to 297 BCE. Continue reading
Gautama Buddha (c. 563 BCE/480 BCE – c. 483 BCE/400 BCE), also known as Siddhārtha Gautama [sid̪ːʱɑːrt̪ʰə gəut̪əmə], Shakyamuni Buddha [ɕɑːkjəmun̪i bud̪ːʱə], or simply the Buddha, after the title of Buddha, was an ascetic (śramaṇa) and sage, on whose teachings Buddhism was founded. He is believed to have lived and taught mostly in the eastern part of ancient India sometime between the sixth and fourth centuries BCE.
Gautama taught a Middle Way between sensual indulgence and the severe asceticism found in the śramaṇa movement common in his region. He later taught throughout other regions of eastern India such as Magadha and Kosala.
Gautama is the primary figure in Buddhism. He is recognized by Buddhists as an enlightened teacher who attained full Buddhahood, and shared his insights to help sentient beings end rebirth and suffering. Accounts of his life, discourses, and monastic rules are believed by Buddhists to have been summarized after his death and memorized by his followers. Various collections of teachings attributed to him were passed down by oral tradition and first committed to writing about 400 years later.
More info at: Gautama Buddha – Wikipedia
Additional Articles associated with this person’s firsts:
Founder of Buddhism
c. 563 BCE or c. 480 BCE
Lumbini, Shakya Republic
c. 483 BCE or c. 400 BCE
Kushinagar, Malla Republic
- Gautama Buddha – Wikipedia
Scholars are hesitant to make unqualified claims about the historical facts of the Buddha’s life.
- Siddhartha Gautama – Ancient History Encyclopedia
Siddhartha Gautama (also known as the Buddha “the awakened one”) was the leader and founder of a sect of wanderer ascetics (Sramanas), one of many sects which existed at that time all over India.
- The Buddhist World: Gautama Buddha
Siddhartha Gautama, known as the Buddha, was born in the sixth century B.C. in what is now modern Nepal.
- Buddha – Religious Figure – Biography.com
Born in Nepal in the 6th century B.C., Buddha was a spiritual leader and teacher whose life serves as the foundation of the Buddhist religion.
- Who Is The Buddha? – The Story of Siddhartha Gautama
the Buddha, or Siddhartha Gautama, was born around 567 B.C.E., in a small kingdom just below the Himalayan foothills. His father was a chief of the Shakya clan.
- Siddhartha Gautama – Shippensburg University
There was a small country in what is now southern Nepal that was ruled by a clan called the Shakyas. The head of this clan, and the king of this country, was named Shuddodana Gautama, and his wife was the beautiful Mahamaya.
- Gautama Buddha Biography – Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline
Gautama Buddha was a spiritual leader on whose teachings Buddhism was founded. He is believed to have lived in eastern India/ Nepal during the 6th to 4th century B.C.
- Siddhartha Gautama
Siddhartha Gautama, known as the Buddha, was the Indian spiritual teacher who founded Buddhism. It is generally agreed that he was born circa 563 BCE—though estimates range a century to each side—as a prince in the Shakya Kingdom in modern-day Nepal.
Jainism, Atheistic religious movement that arose in India in the sixth century BCE, was founded by Vardhamana Mahavira, Principles being the salvation of an individual soul as the consequence of an ascetic life leading to detachment from material things. Continue reading
At Patna, India, towards the end of the 4th century BCE, the Canonization of Jain sacred texts took place. Continue reading