Pope Gregory IX

Pope Gregory IX (Latin: Gregorius IX; born Ugolino di Conti; c. 1145 or before 1170 – 22 August 1241) was Pope from 19 March 1227 to his death in 1241. Continue reading

Pope Initiates First Christian Inquisition

Pope Gregory IX instituted the Papal Inquisition in 1231, to eradicate the Cathari and Waldensians heretics living in Italy and France. Continue reading

William Tyndale

William Tyndale (/ˈtɪndəl/; sometimes spelled Tynsdale, Tindall, Tindill, Tyndall; c. 1494 – c. 6 October 1536) was an English scholar who became a leading figure in the Protestant Reformation in the years leading up to his execution. He is well known for his translation of the Bible into English. Continue reading

The Gold Coin – Florin or Fiorini D’oro

Starting in 1252, Florin gold coin was minted in Florence, Italy. It was widely used and imitated throughout Europe, the Middle East, and northern Africa until the 17th century. Continue reading