King Edward I of England

Edward I (17/18 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots (Latin: Malleus Scotorum), was King of England from 1272 to 1307. Before his accession to the throne, he was commonly referred to as The Lord Edward. Continue reading

First City Affected by Urban Air Pollution

London, England was the first city to be affected by urban air pollution by 1273, when richer residents began complaining about coal smoke, that remained in the air. Continue reading